Summary: Asymmetric Warfare

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“Tactics favor the regular army while strategy favors the enemy … therefore the object is to fight, not to maneuver.” – Colonel C.E. Callwell, in Small Wars; Their Principles and Practice.
Asymmetric warfare is typically a war between a standing, professional army and an insurgency or resistance movement. It is warfare between opposing forces that differ greatly in military power resulting in the use of unconventional weapons and tactics (tactics usually associated with guerilla warfare.)
The South African War of 1899-1902, the first major military clash of the 20th century is a prime example of asymmetric conflict. Together with the Mfecane, this is the most devastating war in the history of South Africa. The war degenerated from a “white
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And that is so in spite of the four years’ truce that followed ... [the] aggressors consolidated their alliance ... the defenders on the other hand silently and grimly prepared for the inevitable." Beinart reflects that the South African War was essentially about the effects of gold. He claims that it probably unnecessary in that some kind of political compromise could have been attained among mine owners, the Republics, the colonies and Britain. This accommodation would have facilitated the development of the mines. However, this view does not consider the liberals in the British government who sought to guarantee rights to the non-Boers residing in the Republics, that is, both the Africans and foreigners. Also it neglects the desires the Boers to belong in a state free from British …show more content…
The practice was widely expanded by Lord Kitchener from then on and most of the deaths occurred under his watch. Some argue that the camps were a result of the scorched-earth policy serving as a form of relocation. The conditions were in no way suitable for living so the situation should not be lightly considered as relocation means to keep Boers in check. In a letter to parliament, Emily Hobhouse described conditions as such: “…A six-month old baby [is] gasping its life out on its mother 's knee. Next [tent]: a child recovering from measles sent back from hospital before it could walk, stretched on the ground white and wan. Next a girl of 21 lay dying on a stretcher. The father ... kneeling beside her, while his wife was watching a child of six also dying and one of about five drooping. Already this couple had lost three children.” At least 31,000 of the approximately 145,000 white inmates and at least 23,000 (but probably many more – possibly even more than 31,000) of the approximately 140,000 black inmates died in the camps. In total, at least 34 camps for whites (perhaps as many as 47) and 66 camps for blacks were erected across South

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