Assess the View That the Family Is Part of the Ideological State Apparatus.

702 Words Apr 28th, 2015 3 Pages
The ideological state apparatus is defined as a social institution that can control our ideology. Marxists would argue that the family is an institution used to teach its members to submit to the authority of the ruling classes. However functionalist view the family unit as a construct that fulfills important functions and keep society running smoothly.
Marxists believe that primary socialisation of children is learning the norms and values provided through the process of socialisation, this is initiated by the family. We are socialised into a traditional gender, working role. This usually happens during childhood when a child learns the attitudes, values and actions from another member of the family. If a child saw their mother or father
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A man's need to provide financial support for the family acts to control him by making sure he is getting paid a reasonable amount and his ability to go on strike is minimised. They also believe that a women have to provide domestic labour for free and care for other family members with no payment. Women also provide emotional support and relieve strains and frustration of work.
Marxist views on the family come mainly from the writings of Engels. He argued that the modern nuclear family emerged because of the rise in private ownership of property based on soical class relations between the Bourgerisie and the Proletriat which means the only way to trace ancestry was through monogamous marriage and the male line. The family are here to provide the next generation that will become workers, the family is a source of labour. Also through socialisation the family instils capitalist ideology into the norms and values of the members, the family role is similar to that of the media, religion and education in justifying the inequality of the capitalist society.
Functionalist views are that the family perform functions such as reproduction; socialisation; care, protection, and emotional support. Murdock's four main functions for the family are Sexual, Education, Reproduction and Economic. The family need to provide these different functions to survive. For functionalists, the family creates

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