Essay on Aristotle 's Politics As A Whole

2173 Words Oct 27th, 2016 9 Pages
Aristotle analyses politics as a whole. Relation between law and ruler, many rulers and one ruler, individual and state, state and house hold management, etc. Aristotle’s work seems to promote a community-centered approach to society in order to sustain the state, which aims at the good life for the its citizens—the good life is the aim of the state, and of minor institutions such as the household. From several types of community found in nature, the state is the most natural and best one. Aristotle utilizes nature to prove which form of government, and relation between subjection and mastership, is more natural. His work is more of a sum of arguments than of a systematic treatise on politics.
In his first book Aristotle analyses household management as the structure of the state. The state ought to work in the same manner household management does, but it can not be understood as being equal in importance to the state. The statesman, the king, and the householder differ (not in kind) but in the number of their subjects. Categories of ruling are introduced: political rule, economic rule, kingly rule, and masterly rule. The wife should be subject to the husband, for this is natural and praiseworthy. Although both the slave and the woman are in subjection, they differ in the kind of subjection. Nature does not commit mistakes and coincidences are inexistent, everything in nature has a purpose, and Aristotle utilizes nature (as origin) to understand how things ought to work in…

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