Aristotle On Happiness And Virtuous Activity Essay
With over seven billion people in the world each carrying unique traits, characteristics and personalities there is one common goal in which every person attempts to reach. This goal is happiness. This sense of happiness, Aristotle classifies as the “highest good”. In his Nicomachean ethics, Aristotle breaks down what happiness is, and how each individual has their own perception of happiness.
Before Aristotle begins to argue that happiness is not virtue, he first develops the foundation that solidifies that happiness is the true highest good. He starts first by saying that because there is a highest good, there is a ranking system that must take place in order to determine the “top” good. In other words there must be a target in which every activity, craft or decision must aim at. To determine what the highest good is there are criteria, which must be met in order for it to be deemed as the highest god. First, it must be complete and choice worthy in itself. Secondly, it must also be self-sufficient and lacking nothing.
Shockingly, Aristotle first makes an argument against his own teacher, Plato. Rather than the thinking that there is a universal good in which all things (not merely humans) reach for. However Aristotle believes that the word “good” is spoken in many different ways. The word “good” or “virtuous” does not have a consistent form. A person or a thing can be good in the sense of a substance, a quality or in a…