Applying Theories Of Motivation And Situations Essay

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Applying Theories of Motivation to Situations
The first scenario states, “A professional working for a major corporation is assigned goals each quarter. If all goals are achieved, a substantial bonus is paid. One quarter, workers review their new goals and make the determination that they are not likely to achieve all the goals.” The theory of motivation that applies to this scenario is Victor Vroom’s expectancy theory. Expectancy theory explains three precursors for individual motivation: Expectancy is when a person believes that applying effort will cause high performance; Instrumentality states the individual perceives that high performance is required to achieve the specific goal or outcome; and valence indicates the evaluation of the goals leads to a positive, neutral or negative judgement. “Thus, if the outcomes are attractive, instrumental toward achieving other goals, and expected via attainment of the goal, then the individual will be highly motivated to achieve the goal” (Hsu, Shinnar & Powell, 2014).
There is generous evidence that defends the belief that expectancy theory can anticipate effort and performance and is one of the most important explanations of motivation. Studies have found a link between an employees’ positive feelings about the workplace and increased motivation because of its effect on expectancy, valence and instrumentality. The link also supports that a positive view of procedural justice in the workplace is connected to the expectancy…

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