Antibiotic Resistance And Its Effects On The Health Care System

1841 Words Oct 28th, 2015 null Page
Literature Review
The majority of the literature agrees that antibiotic resistance is a serious issue that results mainly due to the overuse and misuse of antibiotics. This issue is causing a large financial impact on the health care system. A study conducted by Rajasekar, Guest, and Bodansky (2015), analyzed the medical records of 100 patients in order to ascertain whether or not these patients actually had illnesses that could be treated with antibiotics, or if the antibiotics were misused. The study discovered that over 40% of the patients were prescribed antibiotics even though there was no solid proof that they were suffering from an infection that could be cured by antibiotics (Rajasekar et al., 2015). Further studies have corroborated the claim that antibiotics are often overused. According to an article titled Outpatient Antibiotic Prescribing in the United States: 2000 to 2010 (Lee et al., 2014), it is estimated that half of the antibiotics prescribed each year are unnecessary, which further contributes to the growth of antibiotic resistant bacteria.
Furthermore, research has shown that antibiotics are commonly given even though the illness the patient may be suffering from cannot be treated or cured with antibiotics. According to an article titled Antibiotics Are Not Always the Answer by the CDC (2015), antibiotics will not help treat or cure illnesses such as a cold, flu, ear infection, or other viral infection. Furthermore, according to Mangione-Smith et al.…

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