Analysis on Fraternities and Rape on Campus Essay

862 Words Oct 17th, 2007 4 Pages
The first main sociological question in the "Fraternities and Rape on Campus" study performed by Patricia Yancey Martin and Robert A. Hummer was, "What characteristics do fraternities have that make them prone to objectification of women and more likely to commit gang rape on college campuses and why fraternities encourage the sexual coercion of women.
According to Martin and Hummer (1989: 459), "fraternities are vitally concerned – more than anything else – with masculinity (cf. Kanin 1967)." This sets the paradigm that they will look into. The paradigm they look from is the eyes of a fraternity's typically nature and values and actions they take part in to decipher what really takes place in order to understand the fraternity's view as
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Sato 1988). This sport is not played between men and women, but between men and men. Women are the pawns or prey in the inter-fraternity rivalry game. (1989:471)" Martin and Hummer also concluded that if fraternities' "composition, goals, structures, and practices change in fundamental ways, women on campus will continue to be sexual prey for fraternity men. (1989: 472)"
The study "Fraternities and Rape on Campus" went around the inductive reasoning model. It took observations from various reports of fraternities' situations where gang rape or sexual coercion and developed an empirical generalization that all fraternities share similar values such as sexual coercion of women, drinking alcohol, athletic prowess and handsome looks. After they got their empirical generalizations they associated with the "Social Construction of Men and Masculinity" theory. After placing it with a theory, they were able to put forth a hypothesis that if fraternities do not change their ways and means, then there will be more

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