Analysis Of Wilcox N. 502 Essay

753 Words Sep 15th, 2016 4 Pages
Name and Description
Wilcox N. 502 is a hydrophoros, or a statuette of a woman holding a hydria atop of her head that was traditionally used for transporting water, made from fired clay standing at 23 centimeters in height. The figure is from an unknown Greek provenance and has been dated to the early fourth century c. CE. Most likely created using a mold. How it Was Made This bust of a woman was likely made in Italy by some kind of professional sculptor or craftsman during either the end of the classical period in Italian art or the beginning of the Hellenistic period. There were two common processes for making terra cotta statuettes: handmade by sculptors or made using a mold (Huish 1900: 226). This Greek statuette was most likely crafted from a mold, as the statuette in question has flat, excess clay between her arm, head, and the vase resting atop of her head. If the hydrophoros had been sculpted by hand, then it would be highly unlikely for such a piece of clay to have been left there. The mold itself was made using a model, made out of wax or clay, that would be covered in a layer of clay for the model to impress on that would be fired in the kiln (Huish 1900: 227). Once the clay was split apart, the result would be a mold that could be used to make figures. There were different methods for filling a mold, though the method used to create this one is quite evident due to specific features of the statuette. The sculptor filled only the front portion of the…

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