Human Development Theory

1638 Words 7 Pages
Kylee Nobilo
Human development is the study and understanding of how children develop, and helps educators comprehend how to work with children. There are many theories of human development, and they can work together to explore ways to view children. This essay will discuss the Maori theory of Te Whare Tapa wha, constructed by Mason Durie, and Lev Vygotsky’s Western theory of education through scaffolding. I will reflect on how they link to my life experiences, and how they will impact on my future as a teacher. Links to a Maori theory
As a 16 year old, I was a waitress at a restaurant/winery. I was the youngest in the staff, and I had built great friendships with all of the other team members. After a year of working
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Through this model, Durie emphasises the idea that development is contingent on 4 key components; ‘Tana Hinengaro’ (physiological health), ‘Taha Tinana’ (physical health), ‘Taha wairua’ (spiritual health), and ‘Taha Whanau’ (family health), and that development will be affected if one strand is unbalanced or distressed. This makes up the analogy of the whare, as the 4 components are the pillars/walls that hold up the whare. Durie’s theory suggests that the Whare Tapa wha takes into account the holistic nature of the person, and that when one pillar is lacking and collapses, all of the other pillars collapse also, as the whare can’t be held up by just 3 pillars (Claiborne et al., 2014). This resonates strongly with my experience, as my physiological side was put in distress because of the impact of my physical side, causing my family health and spiritual health to become unbalanced also, as I was embarrassed for dragging down the family name, and for disrespecting my …show more content…
Vygotsky’s theory describes a scaffolding put in place for children to learn, and how a framework approach helps children to achieve a goal. Vygotsky’s idea on education with scaffolding, commonly known as the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), is significant to my experience, as his theory revolves around the thinking that a child completes tasks with support, and as the support slowly drops away, they are able to achieve the task independently. This is due to the child learning, growing and processing new information, as the concepts are grasped and further thinking is encouraged (Duchesne & McMaugh, 2015). This a reflection of the process of steps that my mother guided and supported me through as I learnt how to bake. The idea of having an adult/mentor who can support the individual is central to Vygotsky’s theory, as he believed that children learn better when they interact and participate in their learning, through communication, interactions and observation and to be able to experience this, they need a knowledge adult to create these opportunities (Duchesne & McMaugh, 2015). As the Ministry of Education (2007) states, when learning is based on interest, the student is more inclined to want to do

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