Analysis Of Socrates 's ' The Gorgias ' Essay

1535 Words Oct 18th, 2016 7 Pages
In accordance with the Gorgias, as Socrates was conversing with Callicles—a possibly fictional character who attempts to refute Socrates’ claims against rhetoric—he makes the claim that the two have suffered due to a common factor: loving. Socrates asserts that he himself is in love with Alcibiades, the son of Cleinias and with philosophy, and that Callicles is in love with the Athenian people and the son of Pyrilampes. As Socrates develops his argument, he illustrates that love triumphs all other forces and that his love for philosophy and Alcibiades are fundamentally distinct. Ironically, in the Symposium, an exasperated Alcibiades implies that Socrates neglects him due to his overpowering love for philosophy—an attribute that made him fall in love with and actively pursue Socrates to begin with. Lastly, Socrates infers that love causes suffering, clarifying his seeming hesitance in relation to Alcibiades.
In the Gorgias, Socrates accuses Callicles of being untrue to himself in an attempt to please the Athenian people, or rather avoid contradicting them because he loves them. He states:
And so I perceive you on each occasion unable, terribly clever though you are, to contradict what your boyfriends say and how they say things are, but you turn yourself around up and down. In the Assembly, if, as you are saying something, the Athenian people denies that it is so, you turn around and say what it wishes; and also in regard to this beautiful youth, the son of Pyrilampes,…

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