Sigmund Freud: The Unconscious Beliefs
Sigmund Freud developed his theories of psychoanalysis and his discovery of unconscious …show more content…
The id refers to one's unconscious personality such as incentives drives, motives and genetic inheritance. Furthermore, it is the base for the psychic energy of all psychological functioning. Basically, the id operates on the pleasure principle to reduce tension immediately. Since it reacts unconsciously, some of the responses might be harmful to individuals. Another way the id operates to reduce tension is through primary processes or wish fulfillment, hallucinations of the object that would satisfy the desire. Emerging from the id, the ego, via the reality principle, completes the id's wishes through the outside world. While the id does not contemplate consequences, the ego often postpones discharging tension or fulfilling wishes for appropriate times or places. Additionally, the ego acts as a mediator between the desires of the id and the superegos by using secondary processes, cognitive processes to distinguish between fact and fantasy. Next, the superego operates on the systems of the conscience and the ego- ideal. While operating on the conscious, the superego produces feelings of guilt toward the ego for giving in to the id's demands, and it paints an image of moral correctness and proper behaviors appropriate for members of society. Thus, a person will feel guilty when feeling that proper morals were not met and proud when they are.
Due to the vast amount of knowledge and theories that Sigmund Freud set forth, today's psychologists have a basis of understanding personalities and the intriguing world of psychological processes. Furthermore, it is to his credit that neurotic patients or regular individuals who suffer from neurotic symptoms as a result of past, although presently unconscious thoughts, may continue to lead normal lives. Rightfully, the world owes Freud a world of gratitude for the rich archives that he left