Analysis Of Homer 's The Odyssey Essay

776 Words Jan 15th, 2016 4 Pages
In Homer’s The Odyssey, Homer executes his motifs through his characters’ development. The Odyssey exemplifies a prolific journey of the protagonists, Odysseus, as he endures the odds of the ancient Greece to his homeland. Odysseus’s actions capitalize the faults and competence of humans in society. Revenge is one of the epic’s motifs that demonstrate the power emotions can obtain above rational thinking. Revenge is a powerful inhibitor that moves Odysseus and the Greek gods to enforce their pride above others. Homer emphasizes revenge as a strong motivator throughout the epic, through the episodes of Poseidon’s response after Polyphemus’s death and Helios’s cry for Zeus to destroy Odysseus’s crew, to explicate the assertion that revenge is valued rather than justice. Poseidon’s revenge towards Odyssey originates from the death of his son, Polyphemus. The Cyclops are not an embodiment of civilization, rather the Cyclops live “remote from all companions, knowing none but savage ways” (Robert Fitzgerald 150). There is no recognition of human justice or divine justice, nor are there structure of a proper society, therefore there are no justifications for revenge or justice. The dark episode of Odysseus and Polyphemus defines a moment in which Odysseus shows his greed and pride that costs the lives of his men. Odysseus is far from infallible, though he is that of “a man skilled in all ways contending” (Fitzgerald 1), his indulgence in his pride allows him to falter and…

Related Documents