Analysis Of Conflict: Social Identity Theory

2028 Words 9 Pages
Analysis of Conflict

Social identity theory can explain the formation of competing groups involved in this conflict. Looking at Arizona laws and recent presidential speeches, such as the Arizona speech, it is clear that Latino immigrants are not welcomed in this country. Both anti-immigrant laws and speech references bring attention to the racial and ethnic differences between the American population and immigrants coming from South America. In many cases it is difficult to distinguish where exactly a particular person came from, but facial features or skin color, as well as Spanish language, lead to the assumption that the person is somehow different from the majority of American population. Based on race and ethnicity people are categorized as Latino,
…show more content…
This can explain one aspect social identity theory fails to address. Not all Americans have hostile attitudes towards all Latinos. There is significantly less competition between Americans and tourists or those who were admitted to the country legally. Americans have much more negative attitude towards illegal immigrants who offer cheap labor and are perceived to engage in illegal drug trade and threaten the wellbeing of Americans. There is a threat to economic interest and security, therefore bias engages and conflict erupts. In tough economic times, especially when the job market is scarce, cheap immigrant labor will be utilized more than that of the American labor pool. This invokes a feeling of relative deprivation within the U.S. population. American people think that they deserve American jobs more than illegal immigrants coming to the country, and when this aspiration is not realized, they begin to compete. Both interdependence theory and relative deprivation theories explain why only illegal immigrants are being scapegoated under these

Related Documents