Stenberg's The Barbarians Of Morocco

1085 Words 5 Pages
In the pre-colonial era, westerners had adopted the colonial discourse to serve their imperial aims and plots. This discourse took part in literature, and covered the idea of representation. The western travelers found the Moroccan characteristics such as habitant, landscapes, religious festivals, customs … fertile to represent the country, whether positively or negatively. Those representations differ depending on the difference perceptions of the writers and their origins.
This paper will shed the light on the representation of Morocco in western travel writers’ texts in the early 20thcentury. The particular focus is on Adalbert Stenberg’s work “The Barbarians of Morocco’ in which he describes his fabulous experience among different people
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This era was a very seminal period in Moroccan history. The strategic site of Morocco makes of it a fertile land for imperialism and an attractive spot for writers. Travelers’ aim was not only to discover new land and mediate what they observe but also they added their own perspectives and judgments about ‘the other’ that is different from them.
The book under the study overlapped the era of Alaouite dynasty, the European prosperity and the visit of Kaiser Whiliam II.The Country was ruled by ‘MulaiAbd al Aziz’ , whose young age (sixteenth years old) and vulnerable position led to an unstable economic and political situation. Eventually, the colonizer found lacuna to deplete natural and economic resources, under the pretext of reformation.
Furthermore, in the 18th and 19th century Europe sought power in military and industry. Hence, it needed new overseas resources in Africa, Asia and America. Morocco, due to its strategic location near Europe, was a primary interest for the
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One of those works is The Barbarians of Morocco a narrative by Adalbert Stenberg a German writer who visited Morocco in order to portrayal the beauty of landscape, Habitants and their behaviors. His perception about Morocco was influenced by his German identity, hence he represent Morocco positively. Another complex piece of literature is the classic short story Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conard . That novel was based on Conrad’s own experience in Africa. Moreover his British nationality, identity and cultural background were very apparent in his novel. Poems also was included in colonial texts such as a seven stanzas poem written by the English poet Rudyard Kipling The white Man’s burden, in which he uses rhetorical features to emphasize the concept of domination in the Eastern societies, and this was considered as a method used by the colonizer vis-à-vis the colonized countries in order to get control over new territories, and profit from their unexploited wealth. Kipling views this as a duty that serves both the interests of the colonizers and the

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