Alliance System and New Imperialism Jessica Gray, Bernadine Cross, Tameka Freeman, Rikia Wyatt
January 4, 2012
Alliance System and New Imperialism
Otto Von Bismarck formed of designed the European balance of power. The power was known as the Big Five Britain, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia. Between 1870 and 1914 the competition within the European states for territory dominance and control caused separation. Bismarck departed from office in 1890 which caused the disintegration of the European balance of power. In 1914 peace was no longer guaranteed when Europe divided into two camps. The formation of the National Units of Germany and Italy justified Nationalist aspirations of expansion.
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During the 19th century, technology, science, and medicine of Europe fueled the age of imperialism. Prior to World War I industrial growth rates were incredible in Germany. Wilhelm II’s achievements in regulating growth of the Social-Democratic Party were successful. “The rapid naval expansion that occurred in Germany during Wilhelm II’s reign helped add fuel to the international fire” (The German Empire, Article, 2012). Consequently, Archduke’s assassination gave Europe no choice but to declare war. Germany mobilized after Europe declared war. Molkte, the military chief of staff, talked Wilhelm II into following the Schlieffen Plan and invading Belgium. “A German army pursued fleeing the French but was attacked on the Marne by the French army” (The German Empire, Article, 2010). The Germans ordered a retreat three days after the battle. However, a stalemate (stand-off) began in France afterward. Germany was first to succeed against Russian armies. Wilhelm II allowed his military chiefs of staff Paul von Hinderburg and Eric Ludendorff to lead his army because he realized that he did not have the skills. In early 1915, a German/Austrian offensive was launched causing Russian armies to flee giving up Poland and Galicia. “During this period the naval battle of Jutland ended, but the German High Seas Fleet remained geared up for the rest of the war leaving Germany to depend on submarine warfare” (The German Empire, Article, 2012). According to an