Africa During The Nineteenth Century: Its Impact Upon Europe And Africa

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Study Questions Unit II.
1. What motivated European exploration of Africa during the nineteenth century and what was its impact upon Europe and Africa?
European nations turn to Africa partly in humanitarian, and partly in for-profit efforts, taking into account the game and fauna, as well as the geographical structure of the land, rivers and mountains of the country. The successful stories of explorers did nothing but to encourage such adventures in wealthy European men.

2. Why did the conference of Berlin take place at the time it did and not earlier? What was its effect upon Europe and Africa?
The Conference of Berlin took place as a formal effort to divide the African continent among the many European nations that claimed an interest in a country. Europeans met and formalized these agreements to avoid conflicts among themselves. The Conference took place in 1884, a crucial time when the interest in African raw materials and cheap labor took a peak. As a result, Europeans collected vast amounts of the land’s wealth: Rubber, cotton, coffee, precious metals that included gold and diamonds, oils, fish and animal skins.

3. How did Africans react to
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The French and Portuguese, on the other hand, imposed their ways on Africans, dividing them into two classes, requiring they learn French or Portuguese and adopt traits of their culture including getting educated. The Belgians and the Germans adopted a direct rule that basically consisted in treating Africans as hard labor workers. Other like the Italians and the Spaniards could not decide but exploited Africans anyway. The Africans did not progress socially or economically, their level of education was minimal if any, they were naturally believed to be inferior and not worth of being real citizens of any of the countries that colonized

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