Aesthetics: The Artistic Impulse

Decent Essays
CORE 105
Aesthetics: The Artistic Impulse

Study Guide
Chapter Four: Music and Opera

CLASSICAL FORMS
• List and describe in complete detail the classical forms listed in Chapter Four for classical vocal music? List examples from the text (composers and works). 1. The first classical form of classical vocal music is mass. It is a sacred choral composition consisting of five sections: Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus and Agnus Dei. These form parts of the mass ordinary- the Roman Catholic church texts that remain the same from day to day throughout the year. An example is “Kyrie” from the Pope Marcellus Mass by Palestrina.

2. The second classical form of classical vocal music is Opera. An Opera is a choral work with costumes, sets and staging.
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The third classical form of classical vocal music is an oratorio. An oratorio is a large-scale composition using chorus, vocal soloists and orchestra. An oratorio usually is narrative text, but doesn’t use acting, scenery or costumes. An oratorio unfolds through a series of choruses, arias, duets, recitatives, and orchestral interludes. An example is George Frederick Handel’s “Hallelujah Chorus”.

4. The fourth classical form of classical vocal music is an Art Song. An art song is the setting of a poem for solo voice and piano. It typically adapts the poem’s mood, and imagery into music. In art song, the accompaniment is a very important role in the composer’s interpretation and acts as a partner with the voice. An example is Frank Schubert’s “The Erkling”.

INSTRUMENTAL
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It is the vibration of an object which is carried by air to your ear, the eardrums vibrate, sending signals to your brain to interpret sound. PITCH- The relative highness or lowness of a sound based on frequency. A fast frequency will create a high pitch while a low frequency will create a low pitch. It is determined by number of vibrations per second

SCALE- A conventional organization of pitches to create a major or minor scale INTERVAL- The distance between any two pitches.

DYNAMICS- The degree of loudness or softness in music. Dynamics describe the loudness or softness of the tones, which are measured in decibels and depend upon the physical phenomenon of the amplitude of vibration.

TONECOLOR- the characteristic of tone that allows us to distinguish a pitch played between two different instruments. It can also distinguish the differences the quality of tones produced by the same source.

RHYTHM- Comprises the recurring pulses and accents that created identifiable patterns. Rhythm consists of beat, meter, and tempo.

BEAT- The individual pulses we hear.

METER- cluster of beats into units called measures

DURATION- the length of time vibration continues without

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