Guitar Essay

The guitar is a string musical instrument which is very popular; it has between 4 and 18 strings. It makes sounds through acoustic means for an acoustic guitar or electrical amplification for an electric guitar. It is played through strumming the strings with the right hand while the left hand presses against the frets. The traditional guitar is constructed from wood and strung with either gut or nylon strings while the modern guitar started from the gittern, vihuela, the four-course renaissance and the five-course baroque guitars and right now we are working with the six -string guitar.
The types of modern guitars include: the classic guitar, archtop guitar and the steel-string guitar. The classical guitar is usually played as a solo instrument
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The frequency, which is the number of vibrations per second, determines the pitch of a note. Frequency is measured in cycles per second or Hertz. The pitch of a vibrating string depends on four things which include; The mass of the string, The tension in the string, the length of the string and the mode of vibration.
The guitar shares many characteristics with other stringed instruments. For example, the overtones the difference comes in where the emphasis of the overtone is. The string in a guitar is fixed at both ends. It can vibrate and it is elastic, the vibrations are called standing waves and they bring out the relationship between wavelength and
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This makes it look more like the renaissance lute. It is tuned at a higher position but has smaller string strength. The same type of instrument is used in Iran. This is where it was known as barbat. It is less used nowadays. The modern version has a longer neck whose fingerboard is slightly raised and made of 5 courses.
The tuning style of the Arabian oud can be described as; D GG AA d’d’ gg c’c’. The lower course of the oud is made of one single or drone string. Sometimes the string is positioned above the first string on the other side. More tunings are used in the lower courses. They all differ from each other. The drone is at times left out thus resulting in a 5 course oud.
This instrument is pear shaped with 11-12 strings in a 5 or 6 courses. It is commonly used in the Arabic culture. It lacks frets and has a small neck. Modern ouds can either be Arabic or Turkish. Arabic ouds are usually larger than the Turkish ouds, making them produce a full and a deep sound. On the other hand the Turkish oud is more taut and shrill. The sound usually vibrates within its hollow body. The oud has a rounded back, which is enclosed with a soundboard and a flat sheet of wood. The open side of the back portion is known as the

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