Criminal Profiling Advantages And Disadvantages

Improved Essays
Criminal profiling refers to a tool implemented in analytical psychology. Just like any other scientific tool, criminal profiling has its disadvantages. The disadvantages influence the validity, reliability, and utility of the technique, making it to be classified as a tool rather than science. For one to be conversant with the validity, reliability, and usefulness of this tool, understanding its definition is crucial. Criminal profiling refers to the procedure of categorizing personality mannerisms, behavior inclinations, and demographic variables of a criminal basing on the characteristics of the crime (Bartol & Bartol, 2012).
It consists of the actions of a given crime as explained by an eyewitness, existence of physical evidence, or a confession
…show more content…
Criminal profiling is not reliable in some cases because different psychologists may provide varied diagnosis on autopsies even when they are given similar information regarding the cause of death of an individual (Miller, 2011). In the event that they produce similar diagnosis, then their opinions would be considered reliable. However, research explains that the opinions of differing psychologists will always conflict, as they will all have varied conclusions on how the victim was killed. Therefore, it is evident that this technique is unreliable in producing consistent results. The other difficulty in criminal profiling is the ability to link the evidence at the crime scene to an accurate profile without guessing or making assumptions (Miller, 2011). When creating an offender profile, personality and behavioral traits are the key factors; however, a person experiences many forms of moods and this probes the validity and reliability of using the two factors. Moreover, different persons have varied personalities depending on the circumstances they …show more content…
Profiling is important in different platforms such as autopsies, psychological profiling, suspect-based profiling, and geographical and mapping profiling. Criminal profiling helps law enforcers to be quick in their investigations; hence, saving lives as well as resources. Profiling helps them to build and solve cases even with little or no physical evidence. Criminal profiling has been embraced by the entertainment industry as a technique in many television programs and movies. However, the industry portrays the technique as an exciting and glamorous activity, which has little to do with the reality of the technique. In that regard, profiling may not address the interests of all cases but should be employed in solving some criminal

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Introduction: Offender profiling can be defined as making predictions about offender’s characteristics from the way they behaved during a crime (Davies & Beech, 2012). Offender profiling can play an important part in criminal investigations, especially when there is no DNA left at crime scenes. It requires using other types of evidence such as characteristics of the crime scene and eye-witness testimonies from victims and witnesses. Profiling techniques can be unified with police forces to help elicit and prioritise suspects and may predict what an offender may do next (Canter & Youngs, 2009). However, it’s important to assess the reliability of such psychological procedures as they are frequently applied to serious and violent forms of crime…

    • 836 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Routine Activity theory differs from the Self-Control on the fact that it focuses on how exactly criminal events happen. It does not explain why an offender is motivated to commit crimes. The Self-Control theory focuses on why people commit crimes and their motivations to commit certain crimes. Another difference in the two theories is the type of crime that is committed. The Routine Activity theory deals with crimes of opportunities and perfect chances.…

    • 1330 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Brutality And Crime

    • 1256 Words
    • 6 Pages

    All theories explain the criminal behaviour but psychological analysis move one step forward than others and link the violence/brutality associated in a crime with criminal behaviour. Criminologists need theories which can explain each and every aspects of criminal behaviour. Firstly, a theory is needed which can label some act as a crime - labelling theory. Second theory is needed which can differentiate violent and non-violent. Third theory: which can measure the level of brutality or violence associated with a crime as well as explanation of behaviour associated with the different levels.…

    • 1256 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The use of offender profiling is used to prioritize certain suspects when investigating certain crimes with the use of specific characteristics and behaviours. This idea isn’t reliable with the indication of these results. If the profile is theoretically supposed to specific traits and behaviours to locate an individual, then the study shouldn’t have had no differences between the groups. The groups indicated that using the same profile the two different suspects were able to fit the profile…

    • 731 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Criminals are those who act in a way that violates public or federal law. This is an agreed upon term, but the question that scientists have been pondering is why criminals behave the way that they do. The debate has been continuous with no avail, it is argued whether it is genetics or the environment that causes criminal behavior. If criminal behavior is looked at too narrowly then there can be similarities but, everyone is different and therefore have different ailments or reasonings for the crimes they commit. This research can be beneficial to the scientists who are in the debate, psychiatrists and psychologists who attempt to rehabilitate criminals, and social workers who attempt to stop criminal behavior in delinquents.…

    • 2039 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    However, it does not identify the main culprit, but on the bright side, it’ll most likely be able to identify the personality and behavioural characteristics the perpetrator possesses. In some cases, the motive for crime is absent due to the scarce amount of evidences, etc. However, based on the first chapter from the book Profiling Violent Crimes by Ronald M. Holmes and Stephen T. Holmes, every crime possesses a certain kind of characteristic, and the perpetrator will most likely do their work in a similar or same manner (p. 3). Profiling is indeed impressive: it is usually successful when it comes to prediction of criminal deeds, especially if he or she is in what people commonly refer to as a “spree”. (Explore Forensics,…

    • 2474 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    What the suspect leaves behind or purposely doesn’t leave behind, tells law enforcement a lot about their distinct personality. For example: crime scenes that are disorganized with evidence left behind may mean that they’re psychotic and unintelligent while organized scenes point to a more intelligent offender who has carefully plotted his attacks and taken care of evidence. Knowing background information may seem like a secondary priority but in cases where the suspect left little to no evidence, behavioral clues is vital for their…

    • 1132 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Offender Profiles

    • 1008 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Discussion Bennel’s study examines the effective use of offender profiles during a criminal case. There is strong criticism toward the use of profiling in the justice system because of the ambiguity that surrounds many of the statements made by experts in profiling. Multiple personality traits made up of vague statements are frequently taken into perspective as part of these outlined criminal behaviours. The aforementioned ambiguity creates doubt in what may constitute an aspect of the recommended profile leading to a narrowed suspect pool that does not accurately represent the offender. The current study, similar to participants of the early Barnum studies, suggests individuals may be able to attribute inexplicit characteristics toward a…

    • 1008 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Accordingly, it should be noted that self-report in this context has to do with surveys that elicit information from offenders based on thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that lead to delinquency or the commission of a crime. Therefore, it is important to recognize and distinguish the difference between self-report survey versus self-report data; a survey is quite different from victimization data, which are gathered from crime victims. These types of self-report data (victimization) are actually crime reports that are considered unknown to the police (also referred to as the dark figure). In contrast, a self-report survey elicits information from offenders to better understand their behaviors, thoughts, and feelings; therefore, revealing some of the dark figures of offending (reasons why, when, and how). Moreover, surveys elicit private and detailed information as to the offender’s involvement, subjective attitudes and expectations, and probability of judgments.…

    • 1186 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    While criminal profiling derives from the concepts of psychology, which is an acknowledged school of science, the question is whether this is just an educated guess or a science as well. When faced with a crime, a police investigator must figure the most appropriate way to peruse and identify the culprit from the given information (evidence.) But sometimes it’s not that easy. When there are no witnesses, or forensic evidence, they must go look for probable suspects. That is when criminal profiling comes in to play, as it creates a “biological sketch of behavioral patterns, trends, and tendencies” (Rossi, 1982) So from evidence inferences that may be made about the psychological relationship between crimes and offenders, we can deduce potential suspect, giving cranial investigators leads.…

    • 1182 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays