Addiction Potential Scale And Addiction Severity Index Essay
The Addiction Potential Scale (APS) and the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) are both used to measure substance abuse. Each one has its advantages and disadvantages, but they both work together to determine not only who has the potential to become addicted to alcohol and drugs, but also the severity of the addiction. Both are critical to assessing a person’s addiction, or likeliness to develop an addiction, so that the individual can be treated properly or informed on how to prevent the addiction from occurring in the first place.
What is the Addiction Potential Scale?
The Addiction Potential Scale predicts addictive disorders by identifying personality traits, along with lifestyle patterns that are associated with substance abuse (Weed, Butcher, McKenna, & Ben-Porath, 1992). The Addiction Potential Scale is derived from the Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Second Edition (MMPI-2). The MMPI-2 is a psychological test used to assess personality characteristics; it consists of 567 items. The Addiction Potential Scale drew items from the MMPI-2 and 180 of the items met the criterion to move on to the second stage. By the end, only thirty-nine of the items met the criteria required to be used by the Addiction Potential Scale. The items that made it through the process were questions that would identify with those who abuse alcohol and drugs, rather than non-abusers. With the items going through such an intensive process, it…