Absolute Monarchy In England

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As it happens in most countries, England’s system of ruling evolved in many way from the death of Elizabeth I in 1603 to the Glorious Revolution in 1688-1689. Before the Glorious Revolution, where James II is replaced by Mary II and William III, most rulers in England ruled in an absolute monarchy. In this system of government, these rulers believed by the Divine Right of Kings, a belief that the ruler can only be judged by God. Also before the Glorious Revolution, most rulers had some struggles with Parliament and spent some of their time fighting with their parliament. After the Glorious Revolution, the rulers ruled in a system of government known as a Parliamentary Monarchy where monarchs ruled with the assistance of Parliament, just the …show more content…
Although it was not referred to as an Absolute Monarchy in England, the way monarchs ruled is exactly the same as the way monarchs rule in France, in an Absolute Monarchy. The first ruler after the death of Elizabeth I in England, is James I, former King of Scotland. As he inherited the throne, he also gained a large royal debt to pay and a strictly divided church. During his reign, Parliament would only meet when he summoned it or needed money. Because James I rarely called Parliament, he had to rely on taxes and other custom duties, or impositions. He even went to the extent of completely disregarding Parliament, by telling them that they had no authority to tell him how to govern and to not interfere with his divine rights as a king. Along with his struggle against Parliament, he had many religious problems in his country. Since the days of Elizabeth I’s rule, Puritans within the Church of England sought to rid of elaborate and elegant religious ceremonies. Puritans wanted to purify the Anglican Church by following the teachings of John Calvin. In 1618, he ordered the clergy of the Anglican Church to read the Book of Sports. In this book he allowed certain sports and recreational activities to be played after Church on Sunday. This enraged the Puritans. They wanted the church to be more God-based and now, on the Sabbath day where they believe in praying throughout the whole day, people are going to be playing sports and other games with one another. The Puritans became so furious that in 1620, Puritan separatists founded Plymouth Colony on Cape Cod Bay in North America. Even with the previously present religious turmoil in England, he stirred up even more bickering between religious groups. King James I was very intrigued by religion and scholarship, which was his great strength. He desired absolute power and wanted only one version of the Bible

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