Abnormal Psychology and Therapy: Physical Illnesses and Disorders

1240 Words Feb 11th, 2013 5 Pages
Abnormal Psychology and Therapy If you have an infection, you go to the doctor. There are many different treatments for any number of physical illnesses and disorders, but what if the illness or disorder is in your mind? For psychology to have any validity as a science, research must show there is a common way to think, react, and feel amongst humans; uniform mental processes. So far, research has shown that one can study the behaviors of a small group and compare them to a larger population; however, some people’s thought processes might not fall along these lines of normal. Likewise, some thought processes are considered abnormal in human thinking. Furthermore, normal and abnormal psychology are perceived differently in …show more content…
It is expected people have conflicts in these areas, but they are able to handle their difficulties intellectually. Normal and abnormal psychology shape the standards in a social environment. With this in mind, mental disorders are actually common among humans and affect their behavior. “The National Institute of Mental Health reports that one in four adults – approximately 57.7 million Americans – experience a mental disorder in a given year” (NAMI, 1996). Among these disorders are panic disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorders. Panic disorders are characterized by periods of intense anxiety often called panic attacks (NAMI, 1996). This disorder is accompanied with shaking, breathing problems, sweating, and intense feelings of uneasiness (NAMI, 1996). When life becomes stressful and things are out of the ordinary, panic attacks are likely to occur. Some attacks are more severe than others and usually do not last long. Cognitive behavioral therapy can be used in treatment, and if not successful, medications can be prescribed (NAMI, 1996). Obsessive-Compulsive disorders are also a form of an anxiety disorder. Symptoms include excessive repetition of a task like washing of the hands to a point where it disrupts the lifestyle (NAMI, 1996). These acts become a ritual as they are repeated over and over. Obsessive-Compulsive disorder, like panic

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