A Theory Of Justice By John Rawls Essay

1019 Words Nov 3rd, 2015 null Page
Individuals tend to prosper and advance more when there exists mutual cooperation among each other within a just society than they would if they were to only look after and provide for themselves. Assuming that a society’s moral standards are just, one can infer that the social collaboration within a community seeks to establish what is good (e.g. happiness, success) amongst ALL their members equally. This is typically accomplished through the creation and regulation of the basic structure of a society, which is subject to social justice.
In his work, A Theory of Justice, American philosopher John Rawls focuses on the primacy and role of justice in social institutions. Specifically concerning the distributive aspects of a society, Rawls believes entitlements, what properly belongs to a person and what is due to him are said to derive from social institutions (10). These social institutions are those that defend an individual’s freedom of speech, liberty of conscience, ability to exercise competitive market, or perhaps, private property in means of production. How these social institutions distribute these goods are based upon a set of principles, principles of social justice. Hence, Rawls insists “a set of principles is required for choosing among the various social arrangements which determine this division of advantages and for underwriting an agreement on the proper distributive shares” (4). However, these principles cannot be properly selected without the social…

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