The history of Ancient Rome is divided into "three broad categories: the kingdom of Rome (beginning in the 8th century B.C.), the period of the Republic (beginning in 509 BC) and the period of the Empire (beginning in 27 BC)." There was the expansion of Rome, and politics was a game for the wealthy political families. There have been different views about this Roman era and what constitutes "good society?" It is the hope that this essay will allow the reader clarity and understanding this time in history.
Amitai Etzioni defines community as a "combination of two elements: A) a web of affect-laden relationships among a group of individuals, relationships; B) A measure of commitment to a set of shared values, norms, …show more content…
This expansion was the cause of conflict for Rome with another leading Mediterranean state based in North Africa. Stage 2: Carthage -This groups power was based on its trade network in the Mediterranean sea. Conflict came into play between Rome and Carthage, because of the influence Rome had in the Mediterranean, it was a threat to the Carthage own power and ability to conduct commercial trade. Stage 3: Hellenistic Empires; Intervention from Rome into Greek affairs began as Rome was asked to aid settling disputes in the different Greek kingdoms. In section 3 of the lecture, it is stated "Roman expansion continued beyond the Mediterranea world. The growth of the empire represented military, political and financial opportunity for some people. The wealth of ancient civilizations such as Greece and Egypt were too tempting for Rome, while there was no shortage of motivation for the creation of the Roman Empire." A major force in Rome was Julius Caesar who came from a very powerful family and led a campaign in Gaul. In early 49 BC, Caesar led his army across the Rubicon. Civil war broke out, but Caesar defeated his enemies in 48 BC. Caesar was appointed to the position of dictator for life. His dictatorship did not please many of the socialites and he was eventually assassinated by a group of senators. " The death of Caesar led to another civil war between two leading figures: Anthony and …show more content…
To set a common standard viewpoint by which to judge the various means of allocating what Rawls calls primary goods, such as rights, powers, opportunities, income, wealth, and the bases for self-respect, he postulates a "veil of ignorance" that assumes that one's position and situation in life is not known." "To ensure the values of a constitutional democracy, which Rawls feel is the best kind of government since it allows for pluralism as well as stability, a constitutional consensus must be achieved through equal rights, a public disclosure on political matters, and a willingness to