Essay A Short Note On Diabetes And Its Prevalence
This paper will explore Type 2 diabetes and its prevalence in countries such as: Australia and India. This paper will also review two prevention or treatment methods for Type 2 diabetes.
2.0 Health Condition: Type 2 Diabetes
“Diabetes is a serious, chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin (a hormone that regulates blood sugar, or glucose), or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces” (World Health Organization [WHO], 2016). Diabetes affects the quality of life and life expectancy, especially if it stays undiscovered or unsatisfactorily regulated (Australian Institute of Health & Welfare [AIHW], 2006). Diabetes has two types: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 2 diabetes is a condition that has a later onset which results from the body producing inadequate amounts of insulin or the body becoming resistant to insulin (AIHW, 2016). Being overweight or obese is one of the prime risk factors for developing Type 2 diabetes, as the body’s resistance to, and production of, insulin can be hindered by excess body weight (Australian Bureau of Statistics [ABS], 2015). Type 2 has been defined as a disease of older people, but due to poor lifestyle choices for example: sedentary lifestyle, obesity and the like of younger individuals, they have also been diagnosed with the condition (AIHW, 2014).
3.0 Prevalence/Incidence of Condition in Australia
Diabetes affects many Australians. Approximately 1.2 million (5.1%)…