Essay about A Research Study On Ivf

1010 Words Sep 12th, 2016 5 Pages
Approximately twenty percent of couples worldwide experience fertility problems (Infertility in women, 2014), but with IVF available, those couples have the opportunity to become parents. Professor Robert Edwards and gynaecologist Dr Patrick Steptoe started working alongside each other in 1968, with the intention of finding a remedy to assist couples experiencing fertility problems. This essay will describe IVF, and the events leading up to its revelation, furthermore the impact it made at the time, and the ongoing influence IVF has today.

IVF is an abbreviation of in-vitro fertilisation, a process which involves fertilising eggs with sperm outside of the body. IVF involves a series of steps. These steps include, stimulating the ovaries using medication, retrieving the eggs by way of a minor surgical procedure, fertilisation in small laboratory dishes and then embryo transfer back into the womb. However, in some cases if a semen specimen has a low sperm count doctors may combine IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), where a single sperm is taken from semen or directly from the testicles, and injected into the egg. The first successful birth of an IVF baby was in 1978, Louise Brown was born in England and is more commonly known as the world’s first test-tube baby. The IVF process may not have been possible if it was not for Professor Edwards and Dr Steptoe. Although experiments started in 1878, a discovery was not made, however the findings contributed to the…

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