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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Wrote "Leviathan"
Said men are born evil
Social Contract: can't be broken
Wrote "Treatise on Gov't"
Said we are born tabula rasa
Said we are born w/ Natural Rights
Social Contract: COULD be broken
People give up their rights to be protected by the gov't
Social Contract
"blank slate"
Tabula Rasa
Natural Rights
life, liberty & property
Wrote "Spirit of Laws"
Wanted to divide gov't power
Wrote "Social Contract"
Said people are basically good
Wrote "Candide"
Writer & Essayist
Most influential Enlightenment philosopher
Wrote 3 Books:
1. Critique of Pure Reason
2. Critique of Practical Reason
3. Critique of Judgement
Immanuel Kant
Basic Principles of Enlightenment
1. Progress
2. Reason
3. Cosmopolitanism: all created equal
God created us & let us go. Hands off.
God sometimes intervenes.
We can understand God through observing nature.
King of France @ time of French Revolution
Louis XVI
Leader of the Mountain Men.
Leads the Reign of Terror.
Extremely liberal group during revolution
Mountain Men
Leader of Girondists.
Executed during Reign of Terror.
Moderate group during revolution
Estates General
1. Clergy
2. Nobles
3. Bourgeoisie, peasants, urban workers
Causes of French Revolution
1. Louis XIV left lots of debt.
2. Poor harvest -> high bread prices.
3. Failure of reform.
Delegates from 3rd Estate met & agreed to never separate, and to continue to meet until they created a new constitution.
Tennis Court Oath
People worried that troops would occupy Paris, so they demanded weapons from this fortress.
Storming the Bastille
Four Phases of French Revolution
1. Moderate/National Assembly
2. Reign of Terror
3. The Directory
4. Napoleon
Middle-class militia lead by Marquis de Lafayette
National Guard
Written by National Assembly. Modeled after Declaration of Independence. Claims natural rights
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Revolutionary political club of lawyers and intellectuals.
Created by the radicals that took control of the National Assembly. Abolished the monarchy, seized nobles' lands and declared France a republic
The National Convention
Declared that all citizens must help war effort. Part of the National Convention.
The Committee of Public Safety
Conducted by Robespierre. 40,000 killed by the guillotine.
Reign of Terror
Lead by 5 men. Really unsuccessful.
The Directory
Increased Womens Rights During Revoltion
1. Divorce easier.
2. Women could inherit property.
Set Backs For Women's Rights
1. Women "unfit to practice politics"
2. Women's revolutionary clubs banned.
Changes During French Revolution
1. No monarchy
2. abolished slavery
3. grand classic art style
Napoleon's Positive Accomplishments
1. uniform laws
2. reformed taxed
3. Bank of France
4. stopped govt corruption
5. increased middle class
6. full employment
7. public education system
Napoleon's Negative Accomplishments
1. highest taxes in europe
2. drafter over 2 million
3. no legislative power
4. limited movement in Fr
Discovered by Champolion while on a scientific expedition during Napoleon's campaign in Egypt.
Rosetta Stone
Admiral Nelson defeats French navy and prevents invasion of Britain
Battle of Trafalgar
Napoleon defeats Austria & Prussia. Makes France dominant power in Europe
Battle of Austerlitz
Napoleon defeats Prussia & reorganizes H.R.E. into Confederation of the Rhine
Battle of Jena
Napoleon invades Spain. Spanish fight guerilla war and France never really wins.
Peninsula War of 1808
Napoleon overextends into Russia, and loses. He is forced to abdicate.
1812 Invasion of Russia