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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What did Peter the Great accomplish as czar?
won warm water seaports for Russia and increased trade with Europe, tried to modernize Europe
What type of government did the Soviet Union have?
Communism
What are the 2 largest ethnic groups if Russia?
Slavs then Turkics
How were the Jews treated by the czars of Russia?
pogoms - organized murder of Jews
the struggle between 2 competing systems for world influence and power
Cold War
government requires all to speak Russian and become Eastern Orthodox Christians
russification
the Father of Communism
Karl Marx
first elected president; introduced economic reform toward free enterprise
Boris Yeltsin
Why is the literacy rate in Russia nearly 100%?
Soviet leaders emphasized free education from grade school to college
What are the 2 most popular religions in Russia and the Eurasian republics?
Eastern Orthodox Christians then Islam
Russian leader who began to lessen restrictions of communism in the late 1980s
Gorbachev
Bolsheviks leader who started communism in Russia
Lenin
leader after Lenin in 1924; sought to make USSR world's leading industrial power
Stalin
Bolsheviks - communists
Reds
non-communists
Whites
supreme leaders of Russia
Czars
new openness in USSR
glasnost
intricate religious images
icons
peasants who became enslaved workers under control of nobility
serfs
harsh prison camps in Siberia
gulags
restructing the USSR
perestroika
What did the Soviets do to organized religion during its time in power?
discouraged and outlawed it