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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Russia has more than___ ethnic groups
100
shares a common ancestry, language, and set of customs
Ethnic group
major ethnic groups
Nationalities
Russia's population:
145 million; 6th largest populated country
Russia's population density
22 people/square mile
Most people live west of the Ural Mountains (European Russia) because:
• Good climate
• Fertile farmland
• Most minerals are found there
The largest cities of the region are located west of the Urals:
• Moscow
• St. Petersburg
• Kiev
800s warrior traders from Scandinavia; adopted Slavic customs and language
Varangian
Founded city if Kiev
Varangian
1200s warriors from central Asia; invaded and destroyed Kievs
Mongols
Slavs who fled the Mongol invasion eventually started the city if ______
Moscow
supreme rulers of Russia
Czars
1st czar of Russia in the 1400s; built kremlin
Ivan the Great
ruled Russia as czars from 1613 to 1917
Romanov Dynasty
won warm water seaports for Russia and increased trade with Europe
Peter the Great (1600s)
city named for Peter the Great; called "window to the west"
St. Petersburg
peasants who became enslaved workers under control of the nobility
Serfs
serfs were freed in ____
1861
government requires all to speak Russian and become Eastern Orthodox Christians to unify the people
Russification
calls for greater economic equality in society
Socialism
Marx advocated ideas such as:
• Public ownership of all land
• A classless society
• An equal sharing of wealth
last czar of Russia; forced to leave Thorne in 1917
Czar Nicholas II
revolutionaries who overthrew the czar and proclaimed a socialist revolution in 1917
Bolsheviks
Bolsheviks leader who start communism in Russia
Vladimir Lenin
based on Marx's ideas that called for overthrowing the government and creating a new society led by workers
Communism
Bolsheviks promised "_____, ____, and _____"
Peace, Land, and Bread
USSR
Union of Soviet Socialist Republic
The original USSR (1921) consisted of:
Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Caucasus region
_____ died of a stroke in 1924, was buried a hero in Red Square
Lenin
leader after Lenin in 1924; sought to make USSR world's leading industrial power
Joseph Stalin
By 1940, the USSR had __ nations
15
Russian leader who began to lesson restrictions of communism in late 1980s
Michael Gorbachev
restructuring the Soviet Union
Perestroika
new openness in USSR
Glasnost
C.I.S.
commonwealth of Independent States
_______ introduced economic reform toward free enterprise
Yeltsin
intricate religious images
Icons
leader of Russian Orthodox Church
Patriarch
The second largest religious group in the region; found mainly in the central Asian republics
Islam
organized persecution and massacres of the Jews by the Soviets
Pogroms
Region has ____ ________ _____ because Soviet leaders emphasized free education from grade school to college
high literacy rates
1800s to early 1900s
Golden Age of Russian Culture
composed Swam Lake and Sleeping Beauty
Peter Tchaikovsky
famous Russian author
Leo Tolstoy
art had to agree and praise everything Soviet and ignore Soviet faults
Socialist Realism
forced to leave country for writing books critical of the government
Alexander Solzhenitzen
closest the 2 sides came to a nuclear War during the Cold War
Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)
1st man-made object launched into space
Sputnik (1957)
sent 1st living thing into space; Laika (dog)
Sputnik 2
Soviet leader after Stalin; said at UN " we will bury you" a threat of war
Nikita Khrushchev
1st man in space; died from plan crash at 34
Yuri Gagarin
Russian fighter jets
MIG
Russian newspaper; means "the news"
Izvestia
Russian newspaper; means "the truth"
Pravda
official news agency if the Soviet government
Tass