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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A three-person group.
triad
A socially defined position in a group or in society.
status
A small group of people who interact over a relatively long period of time on a direct and personal basis.
primary group
the network of interrelated statuses and roles that guide human interaction
social structure
a group in which interaction is impersonal and temporary in nature
secondary group
a large, complex secondary group that operates according to specific rules and procedures
bureaucracy
interaction undertaken in an effort to receive a reward or a return for their actions
exchange
a set of people who interact on the basis of shared expectations and who possess some degree of common identity
group
the tendency of organizations to become increasingly dominated by small groups of people
iron law of oligarchy
a place where people interact with one another regularly on the internet
e-community
theory that holds that people are motivated by self-interests in their interactions with other people
exchange theory
occurs when a person has difficulty meeting the role expectations of a single status
role strain
a typically non profit organization which is formed to pursue some common interest is a
voluntary association
a state of balance between cooperation and conflict
accomidation
the deliberate attempt to control a person by force, to oppose someone, or to harm another person
conflict
Statuses and their related roles determine the structure of the various groups in society. When these statuses and roles are organized to satisfy one or more of the basic needs of society, the group is called a(n)
social institution
When people interact in an effort to receive a reward or a return for their actions, a(n)____ has taken place.
exchange
Which of the following are examples of achieved statuses?
A) Basketball player
B) Actor
C) Musician
D) All of the Above
D) all of the above
One status tends to take rank above all others. This status that plays the greatest role in shaping a person's life and determining his or her social identity is called a(n)
master status
The socially determined behaviors expected of a person performing a role are called
role expectations
Sociologists call the different roles attached to a single status a(n)
role set
The specialization by individuals or groups in the performance of specific economic activities is
the division of labor
People who influence the attitudes and opinions of others are said to be
leaders
T/F Rationality involves people sharing the same values and performing the same tasks.
False
T/F A voluntary association is typically a nonprofit organization formed to pursue some common interest.
True
T/F Accommodation is a state of balance between cooperation and conflict.
True
T/F Competition occurs when two or more people or groups oppose each other to achieve a goal that only one can attain.
True
T/F Role conflict occurs when fulfilling the role expectations of one status makes it difficult to fulfill the role expectations of another status.
True
T/F Competition occurs when two or more people work together to achieve a goal that will benefit more than one person.
False
T/F The in-group represents people that interact with one another regularly on the internet.
False
T/F The out-group is the web of relationships that is formed by the sum total of a person's interactions with other people.
False
T/F The socially determined behaviors expected of a person performing a role are called role performances.
False
T/F Ascribed statuses are not based on an individual's abilities, efforts, or accomplishments
True
T/F Individuals acquire an achieved status through their own direct efforts.
True
T/F A triad is a group with two members.
False