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39 Cards in this Set

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psychological assesment
the use of specified testing procedures to evaluate the abilities, behaviors, and personal qualities of people
Francis Galton
Western intelligence
"Hereditray Genius"-
testing methods
formal assesment
classifying individuals assesment instrument:
1)reliable
2)valid
3)standardized
reliability
an assesment instrument can be trusted to give consistent scores
test-retest reliability
a mesure of the correlation between the scores of the same people, on the same test, given on 2 diff. occasions
parallel forms
used instead of giving same test twice, reduces direct practice
internal consistency
consistency of responses on a test(both evens and odd #s same)
split-half reliability
both evens and odd #s same
validity
the degree to which the test measures what a person assesing would intend to measure
face validity
-based on surface content
-ask direct questions
-ppl may not have accurate view of themselves
criterion validity
(predictive validity)
compare persons score on a test with another score on a similar criterion
ex: college asses. test w/college grades
norms
typical scores of other people
standarization
administering a testing device to all people in the same way under the same conditions
intelligence
a general mental capability that allows: reasoning, plan solve probs, think abstractly, comprehend complex ideas, learn quickly and from experience
Alfred Binet
first real intelligence test used for children
mental age
ex: child scores 5, is said to have a mental age of 5 without regard to chronological age
Lewis Terman
adapted Binets questions for US school children- IQ
intelligence quotient
IQ
divide mental age by chronological age X 100
ex: an 8 yr. old child scores a 10 (10/8)x100
David Wechsler
Weschler-Bellevue intelligence scale - combined verbal and performance tests
mental retardation
ppl under 18 with IQ test of 70-75 or below
psychometrics
the field of psychology that specializes in mental testing
charles spearman **
factor analysis- G and S intelligence
G intelligence
general intelligence grows over later life- 2 factors: fluid & cystallized
S intelligence
specific intelligence
fluid intell
ability to learn
cystallized intell
what you already know
Raymond Cattell ***
cystallized and fluid intelligence
Guilford
structure of intellect model- content, product, operation
Sternberg
analytical, creative, practical
Gardner
identified 8 intelligences- intra/inter personal intell
emotional intelligence
4 major components
Goddard ***
selective exclusion of mentally defective immigrants
heritability estimate
based on variable test scores and how they are traced to genetics
Steele
steryotype vulnerability (threat)
sterotype threat
being at risk for confirming a bad sterotype of a person's group
Stevenson
mathematics in children
creativity
creating ideas that are NOVEL and APPROPRIATE to the circumstances in which they were created
divergent thinking
being able to come up with several unusual solutions to a problem
Rothenberg
don't have to suffer to understand suffering