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89 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is psych?
study of behavior & mental process
what is mental process?
Covert Cant be observed
ex/ remembering
what is behavior?
Overt can be Observed.
ex/ jumping
Psychologist vs psychiatrist
-iatrist is MD can write RX
-ologist do research & therapy
4 Goals Of psych
***PUIDS
1.Predict
2. Understand/explain
3. Influence/control
4. Describe
2 structuralists
1. W. Wundt
2. E. Titchener
what is structuralism?
basic elements of the conscious mind
what method does structuralism use?
Introspection-look inward at conscious experiences
Name Gestatlists?
M. Wertheimer
what did M Wertheimer believe?
must look at whole.
"whole is different from the sum of it's part .
ex/ gestaltists idea
3 B use lines but whole's are diff
Name Functionalist
W. James
What is Functionalism?
useful functions of conscious help humans survive
functionalism is influenced by what?
Darwin theory of evolution
what is phi phenomenon?
perception of moment from 2 stationary lights
5 stages of development:
1. genital
2. oral
3. anal
4. latency
5.phallic
psychoanalytic
unconscious mind is source of pych problems
who invented psychoanalytic technique?
S. Frued

think family FEUD-
name 3 ppl influence Behaviorism
1. Parlov
2. J. B. Watson
3. B. F. Skinner
what is social learning theory?
most behavior is learned from others
who is Parlov?
Behaviorist;; classic conditioning
what does cognitive mean?
all intellectual processes
(thinking, remembering, seeing)
what is Humanistic Psych?
aka 3rd force
humans determine own fates thru conscious decisions
---
HUMAN POTENTIAL & FREE CHOICE
3 Humanists
1. a. Maslow
2. c. Rogers
3. v. Frankl
__
MOUNTAINS--RAIN--FOREST
2 big things psychoanalysis detect
1. sex
2. aggression
Parlov
classical conditioning (associations 2 unrelated things)
1st to make psych lab?
w. Wundt
1st to teach psych class & agreed with Darwin's evolution views??
William James
1st to study memory with paired associate method?
Mary w Calkins
1st scientist to discover neurons?
Spanish dude
Santiago ramon y cajal
name of person
Social Learning Theory aka Sociocultural perspective
A. Bandura---THINK Ace Ventura
Most behavior learned from others
-personality, beliefs, attitude, skills
what is sociocultural perspective
same as social learning theory

Most behavior learned from others
-personality, beliefs, attitude, skills
special areas:::
Evolutionary
deals with phobias
phobias in place for survival
ex/ heights might fall over
special areas:::
neuroscience
look at brain & spinal cord & neurotransmitters
special areas:::
Biological
health factors may cause psych issue

ex. thyroid issue
special areas:::
positive psych
what makes ppl grow, sensitive, tough
what is a theory
tentative explanation -
tentative =MIGHT CHANGE
what is a hypothesis?
prediction; test research based on theory

ex/ students w/ no sleep failed tests
sample
subgroup; represents bigger population of interest.
replication
research must be repeated by others.
if diff results alter variable or abandon
surveys
set of predetermined questions
pro & con of survey
Pro= get quick results
Con= ppl lie; not accurate; how quest. worded can influence answers
Naturalistic observation
observe behavior in everyday life setting
Pro & con of Naturalistic observation
Pro= patterns of behavior
Con= inclusive on cause/effect
Case Study aka clinical method
data of 1 person studied in depth
Cons of case study
-not big enough group
-expensive
-long period of time ppl can drop out
what is a theory
tentative explanation -
tentative =MIGHT CHANGE
what is a hypothesis?
prediction; test research based on theory

ex/ students w/ no sleep failed tests
sample
subgroup; represents bigger population of interest.
replication
research must be repeated by others.
if diff results alter variable or abandon
surveys
set of predetermined questions
pro & con of survey
Pro= get quick results
Con= ppl lie; not accurate; how quest. worded can influence answers
Naturalistic observation
observe behavior in everyday life setting
Pro & con of Naturalistic observation
Pro= patterns of behavior
Con= inclusive on cause/effect
Case Study aka clinical method
data of 1 person studied in depth
Cons of case study
-not big enough group
-expensive
-long period of time ppl can drop out
which founder famous for case study?
FAMILY FEUD
__
Frued
Correlation Study
is there a relationship between 2 variables
Positive Correlation
BOTH VARIABLES MOVE IN SAME DIRECTION
NEGATIVE CORRELATION
VARIABLES WENT OPPOSITE DIRECTIONS.
CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
NUMERICAL EXPRESSION OF 2 VARIABLES
IE.
+1.00 TO -1.00
EXPERIMENT
PROVE CAUSATION;
GET PPL THEN RANDOMLY PUT IN CONTROL OR EXPERIMENT GROUP

MANIPULATE IV
*********************
MANIPULATE IV (CAUSE)
MEASURE DV (EFFECT)
*********************
MANIPULATE IV (CAUSE)
MEASURE DV (EFFECT)
4 HUMAN GUIDELINES (DICV)
MUST FOLLOW FOR EXPERIMENT
1.VOLUNTARY- you signup
2.INFORMED CONSENT-sign form
3.CONFIDENTIALITY-keep anonymity
4.DECEPTION/DEBRIEFING;withheld info cant hurt you; know right away after
3 aNimal guidelines
1. Necessity-advance understanding
2. Health-care for
3 Human Treatment-minimize discomfort
correlation does NOT mean
Causation-
CANT SAY 1 CAUSED THE OTHER
correlation is realtionship
blind experiment
researcher does not know which subjects in control group,IV
double blind experiment
both participants & researcher clueless
placebo
inactive agent;
4 steps to conduct formal experiment
1. get group
2. randomly assign ppl to groups
3. expose each group 2diff conditions of IV (vnon/violent movie)
4. measure DV see if groups differ
why must researcher be blind?
1.avoid bias ( interact differently)
2,unintentionally reorder date in favor of hypothesis
DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
numerical results of study using statistics
normal distribution
bell shape graph

spread evenly around mean
median
middle point (50%tile)

middle of freeway is median
standard DEVIATION
deviate is move away

spread out scores from mean
statistical significance.
findings were not by chance
surface layer of the brain
cerebral cortex
what did Dr. Penfield prove?
cerebral cortex is involved in our psychological experiences.
what is the nervous system built from?
neurons (specialized cells)
what do neurons do?
transmit msgs- communication of body
___
body/s call center & computer
2 PARTS OF NERVOUS SYSTEM
1. CNS 2. PNS
____
1.Central nerv system (brain & spinall)
2. peripheral (nerves outside skull)
endocrine glands
secrete hormones thu blood; regulate function & influence behavior
spinal cord
thick bundles of long nerves running tthru spine
3 components of neurons: [CAD]
1. Cell Body-center-contain nucleus
2. Dendrites-branches extend out & receive impulses
3. Axons- carry away msg away & pass impulse on
nerves
bundle of long neurons outside CNS
depolarization
process; +ions flow into the axon, making it less neg inside.
what is Myelin Shealth & function
jelly like fatty covering of axon

insulation & speeds axon impulse
____
Speeds neural messages
MS deterioration of ...
Myelin shealth
2 types of transmitters
1. neural; electrical within 1 neuron
2. synaptic; chemical- 1 neuron to the next