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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
biomedical therapies
changing the mechanisms that run the central nervous system
psychotherapy
psychological therapy to help change peoples behaviors
clinical social worker
social worker who works with psychologists and psychiatrists
pastoral counselor
a religious member who specializes in the treatment of psychological disorders
clinical psychologist
has a PhD or PsyD more based on psychology
counseling psychologist
PhD or PsyD - community settings- help people with their future
psychiatrist
have an MD degree and can perscribe meds
psychoanalyst
specialized in freudian beleifs
patient
biomedical approach to psychological problems
client
"problems in living" all non biomedical approaches
Beers
mental hygene movement
shamanism
spiritual tradition- suffering and disease is powerlessness
ritual healing
infuse special emotional intensity and meaning into the healing process
Katz
healing practices in Fiji
psychoanalysis
explores unconcious motivations and conflicts
insight therapy
disocering insights into the past- psychodynamic therapy
free association
saying whatever you want
catharsis
emotional release
dream analysis
examining a persons dreams to uncover hidden meaning
transference
feelings develop from patient towards therapist
positive transferrence
love or admiration feelings toward therapist
negative transferrence
hostility or envy towards therapist
counter transferrence
therapist develops certain feelings towards a patient because they remind them of someone in the therapists personal life
Sullivan
The self system- good me, bad me, not me
Klein
object realtions theory- death insitinct- splits and unites
object relations theory
how we experience the world comes from loved and hated objects and significant people in our lives
behavior therapy & behavior modification
using learning to increase or decrease certain behaviors
counterconditioning
a new response is conditioned to replace a previous bad response
Jones
fear can be unlearned
exposure therapy
ppl confront the thing that causes them anxiety
Wolpe
theory of recipricol inhibition- nervous system cant be relaxed and agitated at the same time
systematic desensitization
confronting the feared stimulus slowly
aversion therapy
paring a bad stimuli with a bad behavior to eliminate the bad behavior (ex. electric shock for banging head on wall)
B.F Skinner Contingency management
changing behavior by modifying its consequences
social- learning therapy
eliminating bad behavior by exemplifying that rewards are given for good behavior
Bandura
social learning theory
participant modeling
gradually shaping the persons behavior so that they overcome their fear
behavioral rehearsal
visualizing how someone should behave in a certain situation and the reward that is given
cognitive therapy
changes feelings and behaviors by changing the way they think about significant life experiences
Beck
cognitive therapy for depression
albert ellis
rational emotive therapy
rational emotive therapy
transforms irrational beliefs that cause major emotional reactions
cognitive behavior modification
changing false beliefs
human potential movement
enhance human potential
Rogers
client centered therapy
client centered therapy
promotes the psychological growth of the individual
Gestalt therapy
unite mind and body and make the person whole
Perls
gestalt therapy
psychosurgery
surgery on brain tissues to alleviate psychological disorders
prefrontal labotomy
severs the nerve fibers connecting the frontal lobes
Moniz
invented the prefrontal labotomy
electroconvulsive therapy
electric shock to brain to treat psychiatric disorders
repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
magnetic stimulation to brain
psychopharmacology
investigates the effects of drugs on behaviors
spontaneous-remission effect
people improving without any professional or drug help
placebo therapy
creates expectations of healing
meta-analysis
detects general conclusions in data from many different experiments
clinical ecology
relates disorders to environmental factors