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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
limited government
a government subject to strict limits on its lawful uses of power
inalienable rights (natural rights)
including life, liberty, and property, and can rebel against a ruler who tramples on those rights (ACCORDING TO JOHN LOCKE)
Articles of the confederation
-first form of government
-the states always had sovereignity, freedom, and independence
-could only ammended by unnanimous votes by the states
shays's rebellion
farmers rose up against the national government with pitch forks and rage
-this incidence called for a strong national gov't and army.
virginia plan
promoted by the larger states where representation would be based on population size.
(currently the house of represenatives)
New Jersey Plan
promoted by the smaller states where representation would be the same for all states with no regard to population
(currently the senate)
the great compromise (the connecticut compromise)
both of the plans would be put into action with two different houses of congress
north south compromise (3/5th compromise)
slaves would be counted as 3/5 of a person for population purposes.
opposed the ratification of a new constitution that would make a stronger national government and weaken the states powers
supported the ratification of a new constitution with a stronger national government
the fundamental law that defines how a government will legitimately operate
-the method for choosing its leaders, the institutions through which these leaders will work, and the procedures they must follow in exercising power
grants of power
the method of limiting the U.S. government by confining its scope of authority to those powers expressly granted in the constitution
denial of powers
to limit government, prohibiting certain practices
separtion of powers
to divide the authority of the government so that no single institution could exercise great power without the agreement og other institutions
checks and balances
one institution must have the approval of another institution to ensure that one branch would never have too much power.
Bill of rights
the first ten ammendments to the constitution which specify the rights of citizens that the national government must respect
grants of power
powers granted to the national government by the constitution. powers not granted to it are denied to it unless they are necessary and proper to carrying out of granted powers
denail of powers
powers expressly denied to the national and state governments by the constitution
separated institutions sharing power
the division of the natioal governments power among the three branches, each of which is to act as a check on the powers of the other two
the division of political authority between the national government and the states, enabling the people to appeal to one authority if their rights and interests are not respected by the other authority
judicial review
the power of the courts to declare governmental action null and void when it is found to violate the constitution
the power of the voters to remove officials from office
represenatives that are obliged to promote the interest of those who elected them, but nature of thie interest is for the represenatives, not the voters, to decide
electoral college
elected officials who choose the presidential candidates
officeholders who are obligates to respond directly to the expressed opinions of the people they represent
primary election
a form of election in which voters choose a party's nominees for public office. in most states, eligibility to vote in primary elections is limited to voters who designated themselves as party members when they registered.
constitutional democracy
democratic in its provisions for majority influence through elections and constitutional in its requirement the power gained through the elections will be exercised in accordance with law and with due respect for individual rights