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13 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
civil liberties
specific individual rights such as freedom of speech that are constitutionally protected against infringement by the government
freedom of expression
the right of indiviual americans to hold and communicate views of their choosing
clear-and-present-danger-test
determining when gov;t had exceeded its constitutional authority to restrict speech
symbolic speech
not entirely protected-the cross burning was not protected
prior restraint
government prohibition of speech or publication before the fact-is basic to the doctrine of free expression
selective incorporation
the incorporation into the 14th amendment of certain provisions of the bill of rights, particularly freedom of speech and press, ao that these rights can be protected from infringment by the states
imminent lawless action test
a strong limit on the fovernments power to restrict expression
libel
false information that harms a persons reputation that is published
slander
false information that harms a persons reputation that is spoken
establishment clause
the gov't cannot favor one religion over another or support one religion over another
free-exercixe cluase
americans are free to hold any religious belief they choose
due process
refers to the legal protections that have been established to preserve the rights of the individuals
exclusionary rule
bars the use in trials of evidence onbtained in violation of a person's constitutional rights