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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Self Comcept
is an individual's preception of his or her abilities
Self Congruences & Self Discrepancy
differences between the real self and the ideal self
Real self
the self that reflect our experiences
Idea Self
the self we would like to be-play a key rol in othe course of our lives,
E Troy Higgins
3 domains
1) actual self
2) ideal self
3)ought self
Actual self
is your representation of the attributes you believe you acually possess
Ideal self
is your representation of the attributes you would like to ideally possess, hopes, aspirations and wishes
Ought self
is your representatio of the attributes you believe you should possess, duties, obligations and responsibilities
Self-discrepancy theory
is when problems occur between different viewpoints and different domains are inconsistent or decrepant.
Discrepancies between the actural and ideal selves
lead people to experiences dejection related emotions, such as sadness, disappointment, and shame. they feel dejected and feel they have failed to reach their goals.
Second, Discrepancies between the actural self and the ought self
can produce agitated emotions, such as anxiety, fear and gilt. here people believe that they have failed to live up to standards.
Possible selves
conceptions of what we might become, including what we would like to become and what we are afreid of becoming.
Self evaluation
possible selves serve this function they provide frameworks for evaluating how well or how poorly our lives are going.
Self in Sociocultural context
all selves are culturespecific and emerge as individuals adapt to their cultural enviromanes.
Self Esteem
the overall evaluation of one's self-worth or self-image
Self discrepancies
1) when th expertancies are large
2) when you are aware of the discrepancy
3) when the discrelpancy is important to you
4) when the discrepancy is real rather than imagined
Value Conflicts
a clash between values that encorages apposing actions,
ex: cant do this but will do this.
variations in self steem
is to general, it does not consist of a number of specifc, independent self evaluations about differan areas
Strategies for increasing self esteem
1) identify your sources of self esteem and waht is causing low self esteem
2) face a problem and try to cope with it
3) seek emotional support
4) take responsibility for your self esteem
5) look for opportunities to achieve
6) explore resources to improve your self understanding
are excessivily self centered and self congratuallatory
refers tohaving an integerated sensc of self in which different parts come together in a unified whole
Idenity versus identity confusion stage
duing this time an individual is faced with deciding who they are, what they are all about and where they are going in life.
Psychosocial Moratorium
is the period an adult commitments are delayed while society shows youth a selective permissiveness
Four statues of Identity
1) diffusion
2) foreclosure
3) moratorium
4) achievement
Identity foreclosure
term for teh status of aindividuals when they have made an commitment but have not experienced an identity crisis.
Identity diffusion
term for the status of individuals when they have not yet experienced and identity crisus
Identity moratorium
term for the status of individuals when they are in the midst of an identity crisis but have not made a clear commitment to an identity
identity achievement
term for the status of individuals who have under gone an identity crisis and made a commitment
Identity consolidation
the process of refining and enhancing the identity choices that are made in emerging adulthood-continues well into early adulthood and possibly the early part of middle adulthood
Ethnic Identity
which is an enduring aspect of the self that includes a sense of membership in an ethnic group, along with the attitudes and feelings realted to that membership
Helms' modle of ethnic identity development
stage 1 pre encounter
stage 2 encounter
stage 3 immersion/emersion
are standards taht we apply to determine the worth of things, ideas, or events
value conflict
a clash between values that encourage opposing actions
strategies for clarifying your values
1) imagine attending your own fureral
2) take one minute and answer this question: if i had unlimited time and resources, what would I do
3) go to self- assessment 3.4 and review the list of five values that are most important to you.
4) take one minute to examine how you values relate to four basic areas of self fulfillment
service learning
is a form of education that promotes social responsibility and service to the communtity aiming to help adolescents and emerging adults to become less self centered and more strongly motivated to help others.
Meaning in life
need for purpose
need for alues
need for a sense of effiancy
need for self worth
Sociocultura prespectives on values
the values of western culture are likely to encourage us to pursue needs fo rself worth individually, by seeking to become our hoped for possible selves and enhance our self esteem. Religion being a major factor
Morita therapy
emphasizes accepting feelings, knowing one's purpose and most important, doing whatt needs to be done.
Religion and health
the social connections promoted by religious activity can forestall anxiety and depression and can help to prevent isolation and loneliness.
Religious thoughts can play a role in maintaining hope and stimulating motivation for recovery from an illness or disease