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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Osteomalacia
Calcium deficiency
Rickets
Calcium deficiency
Calcium function
Blood clotting, muscle contraction
phosphorus deficiency
rickets, pica, low blood serum, stiff joints, low fertility, decreased appetite
grass tetany
Magnesium deficiency
Mg deficiency
Grass tetany, mineral deposition of soft tissue, aorta calcification
main extracellular cation
Sodium
Main intracellular cation
Potassium
trace mineral in hemoglobin
Iron
mineral that is part of thyroxine
Iodine
perosis
(slipped tendon--birds)

Manganese deficiency
mineral that is part of vit B12
Cobalt
anemia
Copper, Cobalt, or Iron deficiency
Iron regulation
controlled at absorption level (normally very low)--does not absorb unless needed
mineral needed to use iron
copper
fed to promote growth with an antibiotic effect
copper
mineral toxic to sheep
copper
Biotin role
fat synthesis
effect of PTH
raise blood Ca
-release calcium from bone to blood
-increase Ca absorption from gut
Phosphorus sources
Milk, cereal grains, meat, fish
mineral that is environmental pollutant
P (runoff causes algae bloom, which uses oxygen and kills fish)
potassium function
role in osmotic pressure
occurs in methionine, cystine, and cysteine
sulfer
occurs in biotin, thiamine
sulfer
sulfer deficiency
poor growth, wool breakage
important in enzymes, especially cyochrome enzymes
iron
ability to change valence states from +3 to +2
Iron
Thumps
Iron deficiency
-labored breathing, oxygen def, death
swayback of lambs
copper def
cobalt deficiency
effects are as starvation, pernicious anemia, loss of appetite, rough hair coat
goitrogens
toxicity of some plants
results in weak, hairless pigs at birth
iodine deficiency
retracted head due to poor connective tissue
Manganese deficiency