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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ABO blood group system
the identification of different blood groups based on differing isoantigens markers characteristics of each blood type
The absence of, or severely reduced levels of antibodies in serum
The altered, usually exaggerated immne response to an allergen, also called hypersensitivity
Relatively compatible tissue exchange between nonidentical members of the same species, also called homograft
An "anti-self" antibody having an affinity for tissue antigens of the subject in which it is formed
Tissue or organ surgically transplanted to another site on the same subject
The release of cytoplasmic granules, as when cytokines are secreted from mast cell granules
DiGeorge Syndrome
A birth defect usually caused by a missing or incomplete thymus gland that results in abnormally low or absent T-cells and other developmental abnormalities
Immune Complex Reaction
Type III Hypersensitivity of the immune system. It is characterized by the reaction of soluble antigen with antibody and the deposition of the resulting complexes in basement membranes of epithelial tissue
Immune function is incompletely developed, suppressed, or destroyed
The study of disease states associated with overreactivity or underreactivity of the immune response
Transplanted tissue from one monozygotic twin to the other, transplants between highly inbred animals that are genetically identical
A hormonelike substance that regulates many body functions. Prostaglandin come from a family of organic acids containing 5-carbon rings that are essential to the human diet
RH factor
An isantigen that can trigger hemoytic disease in newborns due to incompatibility between maternal and infant blood factors
Secondary or memory response
The rapid rise in antibody titer following a repeat exposure to an antigen that has been recognized from a previous exposure. This response is brought about by memory cells produced as a result of the primary exposure.
Sensitizing Dose
The initial effective exposure to an antigen or an allergen that stimulates an immune response. Often applies to allergies.
A vasoconstrictor that inhibits gastric secretion and stimulates smooth muscle.
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency
A colection of syndromes occuring in newborns cuased by a genetic defect that knocks out both B and T cell types of immunity. There are several version of this disease termed SCIDS for short
Originally used in reference to inoculation with the cowpox or vaccinia to protect against smallpox. In general the term now pertains to injection of whole microbes (killed to attenuated), toxoids or parts of microbes as a prevention or cure for disease.
Chapter 16
Chapter 16
The transfer of a tissue or an organ from an animal of one species to a recipient of another specias