Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/41

Click to flip

41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is Abiogenesis
The belief in spontaneous generation a a source of life.
What is archaea?
Procaryotic single cell organisms of primitive origin that have unusual anatomy, physiology & genetics & live in harsh habitats. When caps refers 2 3 domain of living organism as proposed Woese.
What is Aceptic technique.
Methods of handling microbial cultures, patient specimens, & other sources of microbes in a way that prevents infection of the handler & others who r exposed
What is Bacteria
Category of procaryotes w/ peptidoglycan in their cell walls & circular chromosomes, this group of small cells is widely distributed in the earth's habitats, When caps s/a bt containing non non-archaea procaryotes
What is Bio Remediation
The use of microbes to reduce or degrade pollutants, industrial wastes, and household garbage.
What is Biogenesis
The belief that living things can only arise from others of the same kind.
Bionominal Scientific Names
/answer
Biotechnology
The use of microbes or their products in the commercial or industrial realm
Decomposition
The breakdown of dead matter and wasted into simple compounds, that can be directed back into the natural cycle of living things
Eukarya
One of the 3 domains (sometimes called super kingdoms) of livings organisms, all eucaryotic organism (Woese)
Fungi
Macroscopic and microscopic heterotrophic eucaryotic organism that can be uni-or multicellular
Genetic engineering
A field involving deliberate alterations (recombinations) of the genomes of microbes, plants and animals through special technological proceeses
Geme Theory of diseases
A theory 1st origination in the 1800 which proposed that microorganisms can be the cause of diseases. The concept is so well established in present time it is considered fact.
Hypothesis
A tentative explanation of what has been observed or measured.
What are the levels of classification

7
kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
What is LG
answer
Macroscopic
Visible to the naked eye
Microbiology
A specialized area of biolgy that deals with living things ordinarily to small to be seen w/o magnification, including bacteria, archaea, fungi, protozoa and viruses.
Microrganism
A living thing ordinarily to small to be seen w/o magnification or organism of microscopic size
Nomenclature
A set system for scientifically naming organisms, enzymes, anatomical structures etc.
Organelles
A small component of eucaryotic cells that is bounded by a membrane and specialized in function
Parasite
An organism that lives on or w/i another organism (the host) from which it obtains nutrients & enjoys protection. the parasite produces some degree of harm in the host
Pathogen
Any agent (usually a virus, bacterium, fungus, protozoan, or helminth) that causes disease
Photosynthesis
A process occurring in plants, algae, & some bacteria that traps the suns's energy & converts it to ATP in the cell, This energy is used to fix co2 into organic compounds
protozoa
A group of single-celled, eucaryotic organisms.
Recombinant
A technology, a/k as genetic engineering that deliberately modifies the genetic structure of an organism to create novel products, microbes, animals, plants & viruses.
Scientific Method
Answer
Spontaneous Generation
Early belief that living things arose from vital forces present in nonliving, or decomposing, matter
Sterilization
Any process that completely removes or destroys all viable microorganisms,including viruses, from an object or habitat. Material so treated is sterile.
Taxonomy
The formal system for organizing, classifying and naming living things
Ubiquitous
Present everywhere at the same time
Viruses
Microscopic, acellular agent composed of nucleic acid surrounded by a protein coat
Discuss microbes in terms of # and range of distribution
Microbes are the dominant organisms on earth.
Discuss major groups of organisms
They are bacteria, viruses, fungi,protozoa, algae, and helminths (parasitic worms)
Describe the study of Microbiology
Is one of the largest & most complex of the biological sciences because it includes many diverse biological disciplines. it studies every aspect of microbes
Identify how microorganisms are essential to the operation of the Earth's ecosystems.
Like photosyntheses, w/o this there would be no earth & decomposition & nutrient recycling.
Discuss how humans use the versatility of microbes.
w/ yeast & for breads & alcohols, or for mining precious metals & enzymes for laundry Genetic engineering and recombinant DNA & bioremediation.
Discuss Howell
answer
Trace the history of microbiology
From curiosity & devotion of many microbiologist over the last 300 years, experiments done in dimly lit laboratories/ crude tools, 2 the rise of scientific method, development of medical microbiology inclding germ theory
Microbiology
Chapter 1
The main themes of Microbiology
Microbiology
Microbiology
Chapter 2
The Chemistry of Biology
Microbiology