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74 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Computer ____ entails having the knowledge and understanding of computers and their uses.
literacy
____ is a collection of unprocessed items, which can include text, numbers, images, audio, and video
Data
A computer contains many electric, electronic, and mechanical components known as ____.
hardware
A hard disk provides much ____.
greater storage capacity
than a USB flash drive
All of the following are advantages of using computers except ____.
impact on labor force
People around the world use the Internet to ____.
all of the above
With a(n) ____, users interact with the software using text, graphics, and visual images such as icons.
GUI
Two categories of software are ____.
system software and application software
A(n) ____ computer is a type of personal computer designed so the system unit, input devices, and any other devices fit entirely on or under a desk or table.
desktop
A(n) ____ message is a real-time Internet communication, where you exchange messages with other connected users.
instant
Most major corporations use ____ for business activities.
mainframes
Together, hardware, software, data, people, and procedures comprise a(n) ____ system.
information
All of the following are categories of users EXCEPT ____.
communications users
Increasingly more employees and students are ____ users, who work on a computer while away from a main office or school.
mobile
____ is a work arrangement in which employees work away from a company’s standard workplace and often communicate with the office through the computer.
Telecommuting
____ are two of the more widely accessed Internet services.
The World Wide Web and e-mail
Which of the following is NOT true of a Wi-Fi network?
A Wi-Fi's Internet service can be dial-up access.
The ____ consists of a worldwide collection of electronic documents.
Web
A(n) ____ is a Web site that offers a variety of Internet services from a single, convenient location.
portal
____ includes music, speech, or any other sound.
Audio
A(n) ____ is a program that extends the capability of a browser.
plug-in
Today, ____ is a primary communications method for both personal and business use.
e-mail
An e-mail ____ is a combination of user name and domain name that identifies a user so he or she can receive Internet e-mail.
address
VoIP ____.
also is called Internet telephony
According to netiquette, Internet users should assume ____.
the use of all capital letters is the equivalent of shouting
____ software consists of programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasks.
Application
A file is ____.
a named collection of stored data, instructions, or information
A(n) ____ contains a list of commands from which a user makes selections.
menu
____ software allows users to create and manipulate documents containing mostly text and sometimes graphics.
Word processing
When computer users ____ a document, the computer transfers the document from memory to a storage medium.
save
A(n) ____ is the intersection of a column and row in a worksheet.
cell
A(n) ____ is a request for specific data from a database.
query
A software ____ is a collection of individual programs sold as a single package.
suite
Two popular ____ are Microsoft Office 2007 and Apple iWork.
software suites
____ software allows a user to plan, schedule, track, and analyze the events, resources, and costs of a project.
Project management
Web page ____ software helps users of all skill levels create Web pages that include graphical images, video, audio, animation, and other special effects.
authoring
____ software teaches a particular skill.
Educational
On ____, the electronic components and most storage devices are part of the system unit and other devices, such as the keyboard, mouse, and monitor, normally occupy space outside the system unit.
desktop personal computers
The ____ board is the main circuit board of the system unit.
system
Some computer and chip manufacturers use the term ____ to refer to a personal computer processor chip.
microprocessor
The ____ unit is the component of the processor that directs and coordinates most of the operations in the computer.
control
One gigahertz (GHz) equals one ____ ticks of the system clock per second.
billion
____ is the most common type of volatile memory.
RAM
The wider the bus, the ____ the transfer of data.
fewer the number of transfer steps required and the faster
The USB (universal serial bus) and FireWire bus are ____.
buses that eliminate the need to install cards in expansion slots
The first step in cleaning a computer is ____.
turn it off, unplug it, and unplug all cables from the ports
____ offers access to account balances, provides bill paying services, and allows downloading of copies of monthly transactions and statements from the Web directly to a user’s computer.
Online banking
The ____ unit is a case that contains electronic components of the computer used to process data.
system
Within the circuitry of a computer, each channel along which bits transfer, called a(n) ____, allows the various devices both inside and attached to the system unit to communicate with each other.
bus
A program is ____.
a series of instructions that tells a computer what to do and how to do it
A command is ____.
an instruction that causes a program to perform a specific action
A user response is ____.
an instruction issued by replying to a question that is displayed
The ____ is a symbol on the screen, usually a blinking vertical bar, that indicates where the next character typed will display.
cursor
A(n) ____ keyboard has a design that reduces the chance of wrist and hand injuries.
ergonomic
A(n) ____ mouse is a battery-powered mouse that transmits data using wireless technology, such as radio waves or infrared light waves.
wireless
A(n) ____ camera allows users to take pictures and store the photographed images digitally, instead of on traditional film.
digital
Voice ____ is the computer’s capability of distinguishing spoken words.
recognition
During a(n) ____ telephone call, both parties see each other as they communicate over the Internet.
video
(n) ____ is an identification code that consists of a set of vertical lines and spaces of different widths.
bar code
Retail and grocery stores use the ____ bar code.
UPC (Universal Product Code)
Most retail stores use a(n) ____ terminal to record purchases, process credit or debit cards, and update inventory.
POS
An ATM (automated teller machine) asks users to enter a password, called a ____, which verifies that the user is the holder of the bankcard.
personal identification number (PIN)
The ____ requires any company with 15 or more employees to make reasonable attempts to accommodate the needs of physically challenged workers.
ADA
____ is data that has been processed into a useful form.
Output
(n) ____ is a single point in an electronic image.
pixel
Newer video cards usually have a standard monitor port and a(n) ____ port, allowing users to connect external devices such as a television, DVD player, and video recorder to the computer.
S-video
____ is the most advanced form of digital television.
HDTV
21-inch monitor may have a viewable size of ____ inches.
20
Printed information, called ____ copy, exists physically and is a more permanent form of output.
hard
Bluetooth printing is more convenient than infrared printing because Bluetooth devices ____ an approximate 30-foot range.
do not have to be aligned but must be within
Commonly used nonimpact printers include all of the following except ____.
line printers and dot-matrix printers
A reasonable quality ink-jet printer costs ____.
less than $100
The disadvantage of a multifunction peripheral is that ____.
if the device breaks down, users lose all four functions
Voice ____ occurs when a person’s voice is heard or when the computer talks through speakers on the computer.
output