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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Glisson
disproved Descartes hydraulic mechanical movement theory
Newton
white light is a mix of colors --> concerns on veracity of sensation/perception
Harvey
circulation of blood around the heart
Leeuwenhock
discover microscope - sperm, reductionist approach
Pascal
animals/humans = machines, humans rational, rationalist, doubt
Gauss
normal distribution of error in measurements --> Wundt lab
Bell/Magendie
seperate sensory and motor nerves
Haller
vis insista force in muscles
Hall
reflex action and localization of 4 kinds of movements (voluntary conscious, unconscious respiratory, involuntary, reflexive)
Reymond
expounded current of electrcity based on current of injury
Muller
Doctrine of Specific Nerve Energies, 5 types of sensory nerve, nativism, interference theory and memory drum
Helmholtz
drum chronograph, frog nerves, sensations converted to perceptions, apply principle of conservation of energy to living organism, perceiver transforms senses, Young-Helmholtz theory of color vision (trichromatic), active mind, radical-emprical, depth perception is habit
Rolando
localization of function (higher intellectual functions in cerebrum)
Flourens
localization of function by ablation, action commune/propre
Broca
clinical method observations, localization of speech area
Fritsch & Hitzig
electrical stimulation for localization
Gall
craniognomy, negative characteristics
Sputzheim
extension of Gall with positive elements, phrenology, formal discipline
Purkinje
protoplasm, Purkinje effect(blue fades last, red fades first)
Aguilonius
horopter
Fourier
analysis of hearing, complex tone broken into multiple sin waves
B. Franklin
color/achromatic after images, color blindness
Hering
proposed nativistic theory of hearing to counter Helmholtz
Weber
de Tactu sense of touch, Weber's law on 10/22/1850 - JND is constant proportion (difference in limen is relative, not absolute)
Fechner
humanist, inductive phenomenology, S = KlogR (perception is log function of stimulus), dual aspectism, arthimetic change in mental is geometric change physically
Maskelyne
fired Kinnebrook, below threshold cause unconscious reaction
Kinnebrook
fired from observatory b/c indiviudal differences
Bessel
personal equation for individual differences, --> Gaussian/normal curve
Ladd-Franklin
theory of color vision, achromatic evolve first then color (b/c prevelance lower with color), most highly developed part of eye is fovea,
Ebbinghaus
empiricist, associations while study learning and memory, first truly psychological experiment, percent recall is inverse function of time between learning and recall
sensory-motor nerves
Bell-Magendie (Galen originally), sensory input ot brain, motor to muscles
vis insista
Haller, inherent contractile force that produces movement of muscles, questioned need for spiritual mind as mover
current of injury
current of electricity along neuron, now called wave of negativity
phrenology
positive craniognomy, Spurtzheim
faculties
areas of brain responsible for specific tasks/intellect, Reid
speed of nerve impulses
Helmholtz - thinking not instantaneous
action commune
cerebrum function in unitary manner, whole brain works as unit, Flourens
action proper
Flourens, localization of function - cerebrum (intellect and will), cerebellum (coordination of movement), medula (life functions)
equipotentiality
all parts have equal potential to found with any task
ablation
extirpation of parts, used by Flourens
electrical stimulation
Fritsch & Hitzig - don't have to destroy brain to find localization of function
Purkinje shift
blue is last color to fade while red is the first, change in relative vividness
horopter
Aguilonius, shared visual feild of 2 eyes
retinal disparity
images on each retina are different, basis for depth perception and stereoscope
personal equation
Bessel - normal curve
simple reaction
stimulus response, only 1 aspect of task (vs. complicated with 2 aspects to task)
complication
what happend when add more stuff to brain (increased complication = increased RT), Kinnebrook problem
unconscious inference
Nativist say mind so fast that must be native, Helmholtz says perceptual habit, so automatic that is unconscious brain comparisons
Doctrine of Specific Nerve Energies
Muller, localization of function, each nerve produced different signals to sensory system, nativist