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22 Cards in this Set

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Wertheimer
Gestalt movement co-founder, phi phenomenon (no sensory elements for movement), synthesis over analysis
Kohler
Gestalt, Tenerife apes - insight not trial and error, 'Mentality of the Apes' --> best advocatge of Gestalt, transposition phenomenon - learn concept not response
Koffka
study with Stumpf, Gestalt
Lewin
work with Wertheimer, Koffka, Kohler; social research to reduce prejudice, sensitivity training, extend Gestalt to personality/needs/social dynamics, science develop in 3 stages (speculative, descriptive and constructive), Field Theory (ideas in mind are influenced by psych field, topology, hodological space; goal of beahvior is to release tension
Mach
transpose music melodies to geometric forms, sensations native and holistic
von Ehrenfels
gestalt qualitate - holistic qualities, melody = holistic qualities
Zeigarnik
no tension to remember act when finished, hard to recreate act when completed
stroboscope
prototype of motion picture projector, used by Weetheimer to share phi phenomenon motion perception
field theory
Lewin, ideas in mind existed in and were influenced by psychological field much like physical world is affected by physics and gravity
phi phenomenon
illusion of movement, Wertheimer --> no sensory elements for movement - can't reduce
topology
ordinal/qualitative space relationship
hodological space
hull outside of mind, Lewin
Gestalt learning theory
learning through insight, not trial and error, insight to solution/goal
transposition
Kohler, reduction approach, apes chose larger box not because its novel but learn concept of larger, not the response
Law of Pragnantz
simplicity is key, fundamental Gestalt principle, all perception moves to simplest explanation,
perceptual constancy
stability of perception in changin sensations, size constance, light, etc.
psychological isomorphism
Gestalt recognition that all content of mind are only represenations of world and not real world itself
Wertheimer's 'Experimental Studies on the Perception of Movement'
marks beginning of Gestalt movement
Kofka's 'The Growth of the Mind'
on child development, well recevied in US and Germany
Kofka's 'Perceptions: An Introduction to Gestalt Theory'
started interest in Gestalt movement
Kohler's 'Mentality of the Apes'
established Kohler as best advocate of Gestalt position
Impact of act school on Wundtian structuralism
1 - challenged Wundt to introspect the elements from perceived apparent motion (couldn't)
2 - challenged to perceptual constancy - exaplain constancy for perception when changing reductionism sensations