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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
conflict, philosophical movement (Heidegger), accept existence as infinite - change meaning of being
Rousseau, more positive, people are good, conditions of worth put aside and see self as positive person, client-centered focus
exisitng in the world, Heidegger
good human spirit will emerge if left on its own
being as existing, transcendental awareness, knowledge and need to self-actualize
dependency, hunger, thirst
conditions of worth
what socializing agents put on you, live-up nurturance so --> internalized -> self-concept
authentic life
life lived for self without value from external world
client-centered therapy
humanistic, Binswagger?, Rogers start, therapost must maintain a close, personal, subjective relationship with patient as a being, to understand the patients conscious experience from his/her perspective, therapist must unconditionally accep the patient as a person to fully explore feelings no matter how bad
reject reductive phenomenology of Wundt and accept naive introspection of Stumpf and Brentano, natural science was unconcsiousness turned outward while philosophy and psychology should be consciousness turned inward and holistic; use phenomenological reduction to grasp the layers of conscious experience (specific experience, subjective experience, integrative layer of unified experience, authentic person lives life for themselves and understand why
reigion as central to humankind's problems, develop id/superego as something to be restrained for out inner nature to fully develop without stifling the wills, God is Dead
being as an active conscious entity (verb) rather than an object (noun) - being as existing (act of living) and not as ebing something and somewhere; to acheive authenticity one must acept death in the context of not being (as verb) to understand the true meaning of life, anxiety is an expression of the fear of not being/death
therapist must be in the world of the patient as it is experienced by the patient, therapist must acknowlede instinct and early experince only to the degree that they are in the present
modern life is too focused on D-needs, too much time for D-needs deprives us of time to meet B-needs, more you self-actualize the higher goals youset
extensive humanistic psychology, client-centered therapy (therapist must enter close personal subjective relationship and unconditionally accept patient as person)
founder of modern existentialism, importance of personal existence, opposed Hegel in that the problem was that the people had lost faith and must accept faith over reason (leap of faith) to acheiv true authenticit; child is aesthetic (hedonistic) living for the moment, young adult is ethical making moral choices and accepting the consequences, authentic adult make religious choice based totally on faith not reason
ideas exist in the real world outside of the mind independent from it, ideas include time and space and absolute (God), macro focus, way to find truth toward understanding the absolute wa through refinement of ideas by process of dialectic - every thesis/idea leads to antithesis/opposite and continuation of process leads to absolute (God)
What are the issues and approaches common to humanistic psychology?
self actualization, organismic valuing process (living for oneself not external mores), uncondtional positive regard to break down prior conditions of worth, incongruent person whose real self is in conflict with their conditions of worth