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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a government of laws, not people, operating on the principle that governmental power must be limited and government officals should be restrainted in their exercise of power over individuals
the legal structure of a political system, establishing governmental bodies, granting their powers, determining how their members are selected, and prescribing the rules by which they make their decisions.
government by representatives of the people rather than directly by the people themselves
belief that shared cultural, historical, linguistic, and social characteristics of a people justify the creation of a government encompassing all of them and that the resulting nation-state should be independent and legaly equal to all other nation-states
Compulsory payments to the government
tax imposed on imported products (also called a customs duty)
unified trade area in which all goods and services can be sold or exchanged free from customs or tariffs
common market
proposed laws or constitutional amendments submitted to the voters for their direct approval or rejection, found in state constitutions, but not in the U.S. Constitution.
constitutional division of powers among the three braches of the national government - legislative, executive, and judicial
separation of powers
consitutional provisions giving each branch of the national government certain checks over the actions of other branches
checks and balances
power of the U.S Supreme Court and federal judiciary to declare laws of Congress and the states and actions of the president unconsitutional and therefore legally invalid
judicial review
power of a legislature to approve or reject decisions made by other bodies. State legislators or state conventions must have the power to ratify constitutional amendments submitted by Congress. The U.S. Senate has the power to ratify treaties made by the president
written guarantees of basic individual liberties,; the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution
Bill of Rights
powers specifically mentioned in the Constitution as belonging to the national government
enummerated powers
formal change in a bill, law, or constitution
proposed amendment to the Constitution guaranteeing that equal rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged on account of sex. Passed by Congress in 1972, the amendming faild to win ratification by three of the necessary three-fourths of the states
Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
the power of federal courts to declare laws of Congress and actions of the president unconstitutional
judical review