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17 Cards in this Set

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all means of communication with the general public, including television, newspapers, magazines, radio, books, recording, motion pictures, and the Internet
mass communication
deciding what events, topics, presentations, and issues will be given coverage in the news
newsmaking
deciding what will be decided defining the problems and issues to be addressed by decision makers
agenda setting
the learning of a culture and tis values
socialization
journalistic exposes of corruption, wrongdoing, or mismangement in government, business, and other instutions of society
muckracking
intense media coverage of a scandal or event that blocks out most other news
"feeding frenzy"
public awareness of a candidate
name recognition
media coverage of electoral campaigns that concentrates on who is ahead and who is behind and neglects the issues as stake
horse-race covereage
concise and catchy phrases that attract media coverage
sound bites
government actions to restrict publication of a magazine, newspaper, or books on grounds of libel obscenity, or other legal violations prior to actual publication of the work
prior restraint
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) requirment that broadcasters who sell time to any political candidate must make equal time available to opposing candidates at the same price
equal-time rule
writings that are false and malicious and are intended to damage an individual
libel
oral statements that are false and malicious and are intended to damage an individual
slander
court guideline that false and malicous statements regarding public officals are protected by the First Amendment unless it can be proben they were known to be false at the time they were made or were made with "reckless disregard" for their truth or falsehood
Sullivan rule
situation in which indivduals are subjected to so many communications that they cannot make sense of them
information overload
mentally screening out information or opinions with which one disagrees
selective perception
generalize feelings of distrust, cynicism, and powerlessness stemming from television's emphasis on the negative aspect of American life
television malaise