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13 Cards in this Set

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A psychologist is hired to develop a community program for seniors that will focus on maintaining social contacts and reducing the risk of social isolation. This program is an example of:
in this situation, a program is being developed for a particular population rather than specific individuals from that population.
a. Incorrect Bloom (1968) distinguishes between community-wide, milestone, and high-risk preventions. Milestone programs are aimed at people experiencing a transition (e.g., retirement).
b. CORRECT Since this program is aimed at a group, it is a primary prevention.
c. Incorrect A secondary prevention would be aimed at specific individuals who have been identified as being at high-risk. As originally defined, secondary prevention always involves some kind of screening process to identify individuals.
d. Incorrect A tertiary program is for people who have already suffered mental health problems. Its purpose is to reduce the risk for relapse or a continuation or worsening of the problem.
Several types of questions are used by family therapists. The type of question that is designed to explore the interconnectedness of family members and the recurrent patterns in their relationships is referred to as:
The type of questions used by family therapists has been addressed by K. Tomm (Interventive interviewing: III. Intending to ask lineal, circular, strategic, or reflexive questions?, Family Process, 1988, 27, 1-15).
a. CORRECT Circular questions are based on an assumption of circular causality and are used to explore recurrent family patterns.
b. Incorrect Lineal questions assume linear cause-effect relationships and are used to identify family problem(s).
c. Incorrect Strategic questions are challenging questions designed to foster change.
d. Incorrect Reflexive questions foster reflection on the part of family members so that new options can be identified.
Dementia due to Head Trauma is least likely to entail:
Moderate to severe head trauma can produce temporary or permanent impairments in cognition, memory, emotion, and/or behavior.

a. Incorrect See explanation for response c.

b. Incorrect See explanation for response c.

c. CORRECT The dementia associated with head trauma is, in the majority of cases, most similar to subcortical dementia. Impairment in language (aphasia) is more common in cortical dementias and, therefore, of the symptoms listed, is least likely to be manifested by a person with Dementia due to Head Trauma.
Typical symptoms of seizure activity in the temporal lobe are
a change in perception, a sudden alteration in emotions (e.g., fear, sadness, happiness), and/or a sense of déjà vu
semiotic function
the ability to use a symbol, object, or word to stand for something
(key feature of preoperational stage 2-7)
Sx's of NMS
muscle rigidity, hyperthermia, stupor, painful joints, mutism, tachycardia, urinary retention
Sx's of Serotonin Syndrome
headache, tremor, confusion
Sx's of Tricyclic OD
ataxia, cardiac arythmia, delirum
Sx's of Lithium Toxicity
nausea/vomiting, loss of coordination, seizures
A tx for depression based on Rehm's self-control theory is most likely to include:
encouraging Ct's to keep record of positive events that occur

Rehm's self-control theory is based on the assumption that depression is related to six deficits in self-control behavior: selective monitoring of negative events; selective monitoring of immediate (vs. delayed) consequences of behavior; stringent self-evaluative criteria; inaccurate attributions of responsibility; insufficient self-reward; and excessive self-punishment.
Providing social skills training to children whose aggressive behaviors have had an adverse impact on their family and peer relations, and school performance is an example of:
Tertiary Prevention
Strategies for Individuals in the Contemplation Stage of Change
1. raise consciousness
2. arouse emotions (psychodrama, testimonials from people with same problem, and opportunities to grieve losses)
Strategies for Individuals in the Preparation/Action Stages of Change
1. Social liberation
2. Environmental Control
3. Rewards