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95 Cards in this Set

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During the first therapy session with a husband and wife who are experiencing marital problems, a therapist requests that, during the next week, they identify things in their relationship that they want to continue. Most likely, this therapist is a practitioner of:

a) psychoeducational family therapy
b) behavioral marital therapy
c) interpersonal therapy
d) solution-focused therapy
d) solution focused therapy
The therapist is prescribing a "formula task" for this couple!
A diagnosis of Undifferentiated Somatoform Disorder requires which of the following:

a) at least eight different physical complaints
b) at least one pseudoneurological symptom
c) at least one physical complaint
d) preoccupation with physical symptoms
c) at least one physical complaint
Don't confuse "Somatization Disorder" with this! That one requires multiple complaints for years since age 30. This one just requires symptoms for the last six months.
According to Margaret Mahler's object relations theory, the development of a sense of self is the result of a separation-individuation process that begins at about _____ months of age:
4-5 months
It happens EARLY (think pre-walking or talking).
Dementia due to Head Trauma is least likely to entail:

a) an alteration in personality
b) disturbances in executive functions
c) impairments in language
d) alterations in the experience and expression of emotion
c) impairments in language
'Head trauma' think SUBCORTICAL.
The ongoing Monitoring the Future Survey conducted by the National Institute of Drug Abuse has consistently found that adolescents are most likely say they have used which of the following drugs:
a) marijuana
b) alcohol
c) nicotine
d) heroin
b) alcohol
Smoking has become less popular with teens of late...
Most infants take their first steps while holding onto furniture at about:
9-10 months
12 months would be about when they take their first steps...!
TRUE OR FALSE: Research suggests that one of the reasons why children are less popular is because they are less friendly and sociable.
FALSE
The unpopular kids are definitely uglier, dumber, and less cooperative.
Research using elicited imitation tasks (e.g., imitating a sequence of events such as removing a mitten from a puppet, shaking the mitten, and then replacing the mitten on the puppet) indicate that, for most infants, the onset of the ability to recall the past occurs between the ages:
6-12 months of age.
Think older than Mahlerian object relations stage and younger than walking.
Lewin's field theory predicts that:

a) human behavior is due more to physical than to psychological factors
b) a leader's power is directly affected by the characteristics of the task and environment
c) human behavior is a function of both the person and his/her environment
d) a group can be no more effective than its least effective member
c) human behavior is a function of both the person and his/her environment
Recent surveys suggest that an employee's mental and physical health is most related to:
a) pay
b) the work environment
c) work involvement
d) job security
d) job security
Think "learned helplessness."
Undernutrition during the prenatal period and early infancy:

a)affects both the size and structure of the brain's cells
b)primarily affects the peripheral (versus central) nervous system
c) increases the body's susceptibility to disease, especially during childhood
d) impairs later cognitive functioning but has little impact on social or emotional development
a)affects both the size and structure of the brain's cells
It fucks up the brain!!!!!!!
The most likely side effects of propranolol (Inderal) are:

a) bradycardia and depression
b) tachycardia and mania
c) tachycardia and tremor
d) bradycardia and hypersomnia
a) bradycardia and depression
Inderal is a beta blocker.
The presence of which of the following symptoms would suggest a diagnosis of Conduct Disorder rather than a diagnosis of Oppositional Defiant Disorder:

a) frequent lying and running away from home
b) low frustration tolerance and temper outbursts
c) drug use
d) onset of symptoms after age 11
a) frequent lying and running away from home
Process of elimination for this question.
You receive a voicemail from a well-respected licensed psychologist in your community who is currently seeing one of your former clients. She says that she has obtained the client's consent and wants you to forward the client's record to her. You should:
a) forward a photocopy (not the original) of the record to her
b) forward only information that you feel is relevant and not obsolete
c) contact the client to obtain a release directly from him
d) wait until you hear directly from the client before taking any action
c) contact the client and obtain the release directly from him
Don't be so paternalistic.
A parent complains that her 11-year old seems motivated primarily by his strong needs for attention and power and desire to get even with anyone who he thinks has wronged him. Therapy based on the work of which of the following individuals would be best suited to this boy's problems?

a) Carl Jung
b) Fritz Perls
c) Heinz Kohut
d) Alfred Adler
d) Alfred Adler
If people's need to belong is thwarted, a need for power sometimes takes its place.
For Carl Jung, transference is:

a) a form of projection
b) sexual "acting out"
c) "symbolization"
d) a fantasy
a) a form of projection
It can involve both collective and individual unconscious reactions....
When using structural equation modeling, the "fit" between the proposed causal model and the obtained data can be evaluating using the chi-square test for goodness-of-fit. However, one problem with using the chi-square test for this purpose is that:

a) it is very sensitive to sample size
b) it is very insensitive to sample size
c) it is difficult to interpret when there are more than three predictors
d) it is difficult to interpret when there are more than three criteria
a) it is very sensitive to sample size
You're on your own here.
The most recent edition of the Stanford-Binet represents an extensive revision of this test. Among other things, when using the new fourth edition of the Stanford-Binet:

a) 1 and 4 only
b) 2 and 4 only
c) 1, 2, and 3 only
d) 1, 2, 3, and 4
b) 2 and 4 only
On your own here too. Sorry dude.
For children of divorced parents, increased frequency of contact with the noncustodial father:

a) is consistently associated with more behavior problems and lower academic achievement
b) is consistently associated with fewer behavior problems and better academic achievement
c) is associated with fewer behavior problems and better academic achievement only when the father is supportive and authoritative
d) is unrelated to severity of behavior problems or level of academic achievement regardless of the father's supportiveness and parenting style
c) is associated with fewer behavior problems and better academic achievement only when the father is supportive and authoritative
It does help to have a Dad around.
Research on working women suggests that combining work and family roles is most associated with:

a) stress related illness
b) reduced involvement in family roles
c) enhanced self-esteem
d) low job commitment
c) enhanced self-esteem
Pick the *best* answer!
According to Hersey and Blanchard's situational leadership model, a "telling" leader will respond to an employee who is low in both ability and motivation by:

a) recommending that the employee receive additional training
b) having the employee participate in goal-setting
c) providing the employee with close supervision and specific instructions
d) setting easy goals for the employee and providing external incentives
c) providing the employee with close supervision and specific instructions
"Telling," not "selling"!!!
To determine the impact of a treatment on a patient’s quality of life, you would conduct which of the following types of analyses:

a) cost utility
b) cost effectiveness
c) cost analysis
d) cost benefit
a) cost utility
Think about what the question is asking I guess.
The duration of post-traumatic amnesia (PTA):

a) is unrelated to the severity of the injury b) is useful as an indicator of severity only when combined with the degree of retrograde amnesia
c) is less accurate as an indicator of severity than the degree of retrograde amnesia d) is more accurate as an indicator of severity than the degree of retrograde amnesia
d) is more accurate as an indicator of severity than the degree of retrograde amnesia
What is a more serious sign for trauma recovery folks? Temporary or persisting memory loss?
A parent is concerned about her 6-year old son's thumb sucking. After reading several articles on behavioral techniques for eliminating self-reinforcing behaviors, she decides to spend an hour a day with her son using a strategy recommended in one of the articles. It involves setting a timer for 5 minutes and, during a one-hour period, giving her son a quarter for each 5-minute period that he does not suck his thumb but instead plays with the toys she has made available for him. The mother is using which of the following strategies:

a) differential reinforcement
b) time out
c) a fixed interval schedule of reinforcement
d) a fixed ratio schedule of reinforcement
a) differential reinforcement
So she's trying to differentially reinforce her son's behavion?
According to Gyorgy Gergely (1994), visual feature representation is a necessary precondition for:

a) gender identity development
b) mirror self-recognition
c) attachment
d) social referencing
b) mirror self-recognition
Of the following, which is most true about adolescents who have a history of repeated suicide attempts:

a) the failure of their attempts is usually due to a lack of access to lethal means
b) their continued threats to commit suicide are of minimal concern because very few adolescent repeat attempters actually complete suicide
c) the real purpose of their suicide attempts is often to exert power in situations in which they feel powerless
d) their suicide attempts are often a self-imposed extension of the physical abuse they have experienced since early childhood
c) the real purpose of their suicide attempts is often to exert power in situations in which they feel powerless
It's kind of borderliney of them, isnt it?
Research comparing the impact of unilateral brain damage on emotion has shown that damage to the right hemisphere is most often associated with three behavioral patterns – indifference, verbal disinhibition, and:

a) denial of paralysis or other symptoms resulting from the brain damage
b) depressed mood and irritability
c) pathological laughing and crying
d) transitory visual and/or auditory hallucinations
a) denial of paralysis or other symptoms resulting from the brain damage
... and so what goes with indifference and disinhibition?
According to Kohut, the roots of ________ can be found in the excessively unempathic responses of the child's self-object:

a) neurotic depression
b) narcissicm
c) basic anxiety
d) hysteria
b) narcissicm
Kohut is a *psychodynamic* theorist ultimately.
The Bonferroni test helps control the experimentwise error rate by:

a) controlling the total number of comparisons that can be made
b) reducing the level of significance for each comparison
c) permitting individual comparisons only after the omnibus test has produced significant results
d) requiring that all comparisons be conducted as two-tailed tests
b) reducing the level of significance for each comparison
Think of "experimentwise error rate" as the "really large error rate you get when you add individual comparison errors together"
According to Fiedler’s contingency theory of leadership, a task motivated leader is most effective when his or her relations with subordinates are:
a) very good
b) very poor
c) very good or very poor
d) moderate
c) very good or very poor
Task motivated leaders are for extreme circumstances.
Individuals with Major Depressive Disorder often exhibit impairment in memory with:

a) deficits being about equally pronounced for recall and recognition memory
b) deficits in recall memory being more pronounced than deficits in recognition memory
c) deficits in recognition memory being more pronounced than deficits in recall memory
d) deficits being about equally apparent for recall and recognition memory but limited to autobiographical information
b) deficits in recall memory being more pronounced than deficits in recognition memory
Which kind of memory takes more effort?
Magnification, arbitrary inference, overgeneralization, and other cognitive errors:

a) are unique to individuals with depression
b) are unique to individuals with affective disorders c) are unique to individuals with depression or anxiety d) may be found among depressed individuals and those who are "healthy"
d) may be found among depressed individuals and those who are "healthy"
Beck did say he had several hundred negative thoughts before noon on most days
Which of the following accurately describes the utilization rates for mental health services among whites and African-Americans:

a) compared to whites, African-Americans have higher utilization rates for both inpatient and outpatient mental health services
b) compared to whites, African-Americans have lower utilization rates for both inpatient and outpatient mental health services
c) compared to whites, African-Americans have lower rates for outpatient mental health services but higher rates for public inpatient mental health services
d) compared to whites, African-Americans have higher rates for outpatient mental health services but lower rates for public inpatient mental health services
c) compared to whites, African-Americans have lower rates for outpatient mental health services but higher rates for public inpatient mental health services
Black folks get hospitalized more, but white folks get the spa treatment.
Fiedler's LPC theory of leadership proposes that:

a) leaders can alter their leadership style to fit the demands of the situation b) the most effective leaders are person- (versus task-) oriented
c) to be most effective, a leader should match his/her leadership style to the characteristics of the employee
d) to be most effective, a leader's personality should match the demands of the situation
d) to be most effective, a leader's personality should match the demands of the situation
On yer own here.
According to the Health Belief Model, health behavior is related to:

a) a combination of information, motivation, and behavioral skills
b) perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, and perceived benefits
c) habit
d) intentions and perceived norms
b) perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, and perceived benefits
In terms of alcohol use, recent surveys indicate that:
a) Among all individuals aged 12 and older, American Indians/Alaskan Natives are more likely to report drinking in the past month than members of all other racial/ethnic groups.
b) Among all individuals aged 12 and older, American Indians/Alaskan Natives are less likely to report drinking in the past month than members of all other racial/ethnic groups.
c) American Indians/Alaskan Natives between the ages of 12 to 17 are more likely to report drinking in the past month than individuals of the same age belonging to other racial/ethnic groups.
d) American Indians/Alaskan Natives aged 26 and over are more likely to report drinking in the past month than individuals of the same age belonging to other racial/ethnic groups.
c) American Indians/Alaskan Natives between the ages of 12 to 17 are more likely to report drinking in the past month than individuals of the same age belonging to other racial/ethnic groups.
Look at how the question is phrased. You don't even need to know the answer here, just eliminate the bad answers.
Research investigating the impact of family characteristics on altruism and other prosocial behaviors has shown that:
a) Children from high-income families are more prosocial than children from low-income families both outside and inside the home setting.
b) Children from large families are more prosocial than those from smaller families.
C) Younger siblings are more prosocial than firstborns.
d) It is difficult to draw general conclusions about the relationship between family income, number of children, or ordinal position in the family and prosocial behaviors.
d) It is difficult to draw general conclusions about the relationship between family income, number of children, or ordinal position in the family and prosocial behaviors
Remember, psychologists are stupid.
During the process of developing a training program, you evaluate its effects on trainee satisfaction and learning to determine what changes in the program are needed to achieve maximal effectiveness. This is an example of:

a) needs assessment
b) functional analysis
c) summative evaluation
d) formative evaluation
d) formative evaluation
So, results of the trainee satisfaction study will be used to make changes in the program, huh?
Within the context of organizations, peer appraisals:
a) tend to be more biased than appraisals by supervisors and others

b) are accurate but do not provide useful information for employee feedback
c) are considered useful for fostering competition among employees
d) are generally most useful for predicting promotions and raises
d) are generally most useful for predicting promotions and raises
This sounds a lot like a technique seen in developmental psych. studies... peer nomination or something.
A researcher wants to compare the effects of four different prevention programs on willingness to use safe-sex practices for sexually-active male and female adolescents. Subjects will be randomly assigned to one of the four programs and six months later will be asked to indicate if they engaged in safe sex all of the time, some of the time, or never. The appropriate statistical test for analyzing the obtained data is:
a) one-way anove
b) two-way anova
c) multiple-sample chi-sqaure
d) chi-square goodness of fit
c) multiple sample chi square
.
Recent research on goal-setting in organizations has shown that all of the following are true except:

a) providing feedback on goal achievement is a necessary but not sufficient condition for improved job performance
b) overall, participation in goal setting is not as important as acceptance of goals
c) employees who are told to "do their best" will usually exhibit lower levels of productivity than employees who are given difficult goals
d) participation in goal-setting is more important for educationally-advantaged workers
d) participation in goal-setting is more important for educationally-advantaged workers
Smart people like being dominated.
A participant in a research study watches a film on the death penalty and then answers survey questions about her attitudes toward the death penalty and other controversial issues. The participant concludes that the purpose of the study is to see if the film alters viewers' attitudes, so she answers the questions in a way that reflects her conclusions about the study's purpose. This is an example of:

a) demand characteristics
b) the Rosenthal effect
c) experimenter bias
d) the Hawthorne effect
a) demand characteristics
You know this one.
In an experiment, a tone is presented to a dog just before meat powder is presented numerous times so that, eventually, the dog salivates when the tone is presented alone. Then a light and the tone are simultaneously presented just before the meat powder numerous times. Based on your knowledge of "blocking," you predict that the dog will subsequently:

a) salivate in response to the light when it is presented alone and continue to salivate in response to the tone when it is presented alone
b) salivate in response to the light when it is presented alone but salivate in response to the tone only when it is presented with the light
c) continue to salivate in response to the tone but not salivate in response to the light
d) not salivate in response to either the tone or the light
continue to salivate in response to the tone but not salivate in response to the light
Read the question carefully.
Theories of career choice and development can be categorized in terms of four basic types. The theories of Tiedeman and O'Hara (1963) and Tiedeman and Miller-Tiedeman (1984) are examples of the __________ approach:

a) developmental
b) trait-oriented
c) reinforcement based
d) personality
a) developmental
You just have to remember this.
According to Berscheid and Walster's (1974) two-factor theory of love, love is the result of:

a) attraction and arousal
b) passion and intimacy
c) mutual attraction and reciprocal reinforcement
d) physiological arousal and a label for it
d) physiological arousal and a label for it
This guy and the James-Lange group have something in common.
The first use of meta-analysis in the area of psychology is attributed to:

a) Flynn
b) Eyesenck
c) Smith and Glass
d) Horn & Cattell
c) Smith and Glass
You'll just have to remember this one pookie.
For _____ of individuals with Parkinson's Disease who are depressed, the depression preceded the onset of motor and other physical symptoms:

a) less than 1%
b) about 20%
c) about 50%
d) at least 75%
b) about 20%
What's the rule?
According to Kohlberg's cognitive theory, gender identity development involves three stages that occur in the following order:

a) stability, constancy, identity
b) constancy, stability, identity
c) identity, constancy, stability
d) identity, stability, constancy
d) identity, stability, constancy
Read the answers. What makes sense?
Children's understanding of race as a physical, social, and biological category is usually first evident by age:
10
This is the finding reported by M. N. Alejandro-Wright for both white and African-American children, and it is consistent with the work of other investigators (The children's conception of racial classification: A socio-cognitive developmental model, in M. B. Spencer et al., eds., Beginnings: The Social and Affective Development of Black Children, 1985, Hillsdale, NJ, Erlbaum).
Parham and Helms (1990) developed an attitude measure of racial identity that assesses four stages of African-American identity development. These stages are:

a) pre-encounter, encounter, resistance-immersion, and introspection
b) pre-encounter, encounter, immersion-emersion, and internalization
c) contact, disintegration, immersion-emersion, and autonomy
d) conformity, dissonance, resistance-immersion, introspection
b) pre-encounter, encounter, immersion-emersion, and internalization
Just read the answers. You know enough to answer this.
Of the following, which is responsible for the largest percent of cases of Mental Retardation:

a) early alterations in embryonic development
b) hereditary factors
c) pregnancy and prenatal problems
d) exposure to infection, trauma, or toxins in infancy
a) early alterations in embryonic development
Think about it. It'll come to you.
Studies examining language acquisition in children have shown that the fastest rate of increase in vocabulary typically occurs between the ages of:
a) 20-26 months
b) 30-36 months
c) 3-3.5 years
d) 5-5.5 years
b) 30-36 months
Sensitive period for language development is *up* *until* when?
The ability to perform some intellectual tasks appears to decline during adulthood, while, for other tasks, ability seems to remain about the same or even increase. Of the following, which is likely to show the greatest decline with increasing age beginning in early adulthood:

a) list learning memory
b) verbal comprehension
c) arithmetic skills / speed
d) general information
a) list learning memory
"manipulation of novel information declines after the the age of 20'
When aversive conditioning is being used to eliminate a fetish, the fetish is the:
a) US
b) UR
c) CS
d) CR
c) CS
So you're trying to replace the fetish response with something else right?
Huntington’s disease, Marfan’s syndrome, and Von Willebrand’s disease are due to:

a) autosomal dominant
b) autosomal recessive
c) an X-linked dominant gene
d) an X-linked recessive gene
a) autosomal dominant
:-(
A diagnosis of Male Erectile Disorder requires:

a) a loss of or decrease in the ability to attain an erection
b) an inability to attain an erection in any circumstance
c) an inability to attain or maintain an erection until completion of sexual activity
d) an inability, for at least two weeks, to attain or maintain an erection until completion of sexual activity
c) an inability to attain or maintain an erection until completion of sexual activity
It's a pretty simple diagnosis. And you can have semi-woodies and still have ED.
Studies comparing the age at which gays and lesbians first disclose their sexual orientation to a friend, family member, or other person have found that:

a) the average age of disclosure for gay men is 2 to 3 years earlier than the average age of disclosure for lesbians
b) the average age of disclosure for gay men is 5 to 6 years earlier than the average age of disclosure for lesbians
c) the average age of disclosure for lesbians is 3 to 4 years earlier than the average age of disclosure for gay men
d) the average ages of disclosure for gay men and lesbians are not significantly different
d) the average ages of disclosure for gay men and lesbians are not significantly different
It's counterintuitive. I guess.
A 67-year-old accountant exhibits impairments in memory and other cognitive functions and a depressed mood. Which of the following would be most suggestive that his symptoms are due to "pseudodementia" rather than to Dementia:

a) the onset of symptoms was insidious
b) the man exaggerates his cognitive deficits
c) the man's memory symptoms worsen over the course of the day
d) the man exhibits a greater impairment in declarative memories than in procedural memories
b) the man exaggerates his cognitive deficits
"I just can't think about anything."
When a "leaderless group discussion" is used alone or as a component of an assessment center, it is most helpful for:

a) developing communication and problem-solving skills in team members
b) identifying ways for improving the ability of the team to achieve its production goals
c) identifying or developing a manager's leadership skills
d) evaluating a manager's skills with regard to organization and planning
c) identifying or developing a manager's leadership skills
Well, you know this is in regards job selection for managers...
In their study of outpatient mental health services in Los Angeles County, Sue et al. (1991) found that, while clients from all group showed improvement at the end of therapy, __________ had the best outcomes.

a) Blacks
b) Anglos
c) Asians
d) Hispanics
d) Hispanics
Those LA mental health folks know what they're doing.
African-American adolescents who exhibit a "blended bicultural" behavioral pattern:

a) are situated midway between ethnic and American culture and are part of neither
b) acknowledge their American heritage but are more strongly influenced by their ethnic background
c) do not distinguish between ethnic and American cultures but have characteristics of both
d) view themselves as equally American and ethnic or as more American
d) view themselves as equally American and ethnic or as more American
Reason it out. There is no such thing as "fused identity" in bicultural folx, by the way.
In the last three decades:

a) the infant mortality rate has declined but the proportion of infant deaths caused by congenital malformations has increased
b) the infant mortality rate and the proportion of infant deaths caused by congenital malformations have both declined
c) the infant mortality rate has increased but the proportion of infant deaths caused by congenital malformations has declined
d) the infant mortality rate and the proportion of infant deaths caused by congenital malformations have both increased
a) the infant mortality rate has declined but the proportion of infant deaths caused by congenital malformations has increased
The US has focused a lot on infant mortality over the past few years...
Slight and incomplete paralysis is referred to as:

a) parasthesia
b) paresis
c) hemiplegia
d) athetosis
b) paresis
Social loafing is most likely to occur when:

a) the task is ambiguous rather than specific
b) the group is cohesive
c) rewards are given based on individual contributions
d) the group is very large
d) the group is very large
Administering the WISC-III in English to a bilingual Spanish-speaking child would be:

a) unacceptable in all circumstances
b) acceptable if the child scores above the established cutoff on a standardized measure of English proficiency c) acceptable if the child's grades are average or above average in classes that are taught in English
d) acceptable if the child's performance on both formal and informal measures of language indicate adequate English proficiency
d) acceptable if the child's performance on both formal and informal measures of language indicate adequate English proficiency
If the kid can speak English good enough, that should be OK, right?
In an early study conducted to identify the functional brain abnormalities associated with Schizophrenia, hypofrontality was identified as a possible correlate. Subsequent research has:

a) consistently confirmed lower blood flow in the anterior cortex of schizophrenics
b) confirmed lower blood flow in the anterior cortex only in neuroleptic-treated schizophrenics
c) not confirmed lower blood flow in the anterior cortex of schizophrenics except during performance of certain cognitive tasks
d) contraindicated the early study by finding a higher blood flow in the anterior cortex of schizophrenics, especially in the resting state
c) not confirmed lower blood flow in the anterior cortex of schizophrenics except during performance of certain cognitive tasks
Isn't functional imaging always task related anyways?
Parham and Helms (1990) developed an attitude measure of racial identity that assesses four stages of African-American identity development. These stages are:

a) pre-encounter, encounter, resistance-immersion, and introspection
b) pre-encounter, encounter, immersion-emersion, and internalization
c) contact, disintegration, immersion-emersion, and autonomy
d) conformity, dissonance, resistance-immersion, introspection
b) pre-encounter, encounter, immersion-emersion, and internalization
You just have to have this one memorized.
Of the following, which is responsible for the largest percent of cases of Mental Retardation:

a) early alterations in embryonic development
b) hereditary factors
c) pregnancy and perinatal problems
d) exposure to infection, trauma, or toxins in infancy
a) early alterations in embryonic development
READ THIS QUESTION CAREFULLY.
A Jungian "archetype" is best described as:

a) an organized collection of feelings, thoughts, and perceptions
b) a structural component of the collective unconscious
c) the "mask" adopted by a person in response to social demands
d) a significant historical event
b) a structural component of the collective unconscious
The APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (2002) states that, when conducting a psychological assessment of a client, an informed consent:

a) is required in all situations
b) is required in all situations and must be in written format and signed by the client
c) is required except in certain circumstances
d) is required except in certain circumstances and, when required, must be in written format and signed by the client
c) is required except in certain circumstances
You probably want to go with the simplest answer here.
Stroke resulting from occlusion of the middle cerebral artery is likely to produce contralesional hemiplegia and hemianesthesia involving the arm, leg, and face as well as contralesional visual field loss. In addition, if the stroke affected the dominant (left) hemisphere, the individual is likely to exhibit global aphasia, but if the stroke affected the nondominant (right) hemisphere, the individual is more likely to exhibit:

a) conduction aphasia
b) ideomotor apraxia
c) Gerstmann's syndrome
d) unilateral neglect
d) unilateral neglect
Process of elimination...
According to Piaget, the source of motivation for cognitive development is:

a) social acceptance
b) parental influence
c) equilibration
d) the collective unconscious
c) equilibration
What sounds most Piagetian to you?
Dr. Burgher is the only psychologist in a small town. His daughter's girl scout leader wants to begin seeing Dr. Burgher to work through some family-related problems. As an ethical psychologist, Dr. Burgher should:

a) refuse to see the woman because to do so would constitute a "multiple relationship"
b) see the woman since he is the only psychologist in town and her problems are unrelated to her role as girl scout leader
c) determine the seriousness of the woman's problems and base his decision about seeing the woman on the outcome of that evaluation
d) assess the potential for exploitation and loss of objectivity and base his decision about seeing the woman on the outcome of that assessment
d) assess the potential for exploitation and loss of objectivity and base his decision about seeing the woman on the outcome of that assessment
How bad are dual relationships... *all* dual relationships?
Fagan's Test of Infant Intelligence has been found to be a better predictor of later cognitive ability than traditional infant tests. Most likely this is because Fagan's Test:

a) measures sensorimotor skills
b) measures recognition memory
c) uses nonreactive measures d_ is a norm-referenced measure of development
b) recognition memory
You know this one.
A client you have been seeing for two months suddenly informs you that this will be his last session. You believe this is not a good time for the client to stop therapy and are concerned about the potential negative consequences of doing so. You should:

a) allow the client to quit since he has the right to do so
b) provide the client with appropriate referrals
c) discuss with him the reasons you believe he should continue and recommend that he re-think his decision
d) inform him that you are not responsible for any negative consequence of terminating prematurely
c) discuss with him the reasons you believe he should continue and recommend that he re-think his decision
It's OK for therapists to have an opinion.
TRUE OR FALSE:
Stuttering should be viewed as "normal childhood dysfluency" when it occurs before at 2 & 1/2.
TRUE!!!
Don't all toddlers stutter, or worse?
A patient exhibits emotional blunting, social withdrawal, eccentric behavior, and mild loosening of associations. Of the types of Schizophrenia, these symptoms are most suggestive of which of the following type of Schizophrenia?

a) Catatonic
b) Undifferentiated
c) Disorganized
d) Residual
d) Residual
So what kind of symptoms again?
Although it is necessary to avoid stereotypes when providing services to members of ethnic and racial minority groups, some generalizations are often made. For example, when working with Hispanic and Hispanic-American clients, it is important to keep in mind all of the following except:

a) different levels of acculturation among Hispanics can influence their perceptions of and responses to therapy
b) family therapy is often contraindicated because of the hierarchical nature of the Hispanic family
c) behavioral and other active, problem-oriented therapies are usually more acceptable than insight-oriented therapies d) sex-roles tend to be demarcated clearly and are fairly rigid
b) family therapy is often contraindicated because of the hierarchical nature of the Hispanic family
Read the fuggin question.
Drugs that block the activity of __________ produce dry mouth, blurred vision, postural hypotension, tachycardia, and sedation.
Serotonin.
If you get this wrong I'll kill you.
A 33-year old married woman with one child receives a diagnosis of Schizophrenia. Her husband has no symptoms or family history of the disorder. Which of her relatives is at greatest risk for receiving the same diagnosis:

a) parent
b) biological sibling
c) adopted sibling
d) child
d) child
Which answer makes more sense?
When requested to act as a fact witness in a court trial involving a former therapy client, a psychologist:

a) is not required to obtain a waiver of confidentiality from the client
b) is required to obtain a waiver only if the request comes from the court rather than from the client's attorney
c) may or may not be required to obtain a waiver of confidentiality from the client
d) should provide information about the client only with a court order
c) may or may not be required to obtain a waiver of confidentiality from the client
So why would you need to reveal information about that client in a court again?
A young man is found guilty of driving while intoxicated and is required by the court to receive in-patient treatment at an alcohol rehabilitation center. As a therapist working at the rehabilitation center, you should be aware that:

a) it is not necessary to have the man sign an informed consent since his treatment is court-ordered
b) it is not necessary to have the man sign an informed consent because he has apparently voluntarily chosen treatment rather than some other form of punishment c) it is not necessary to have the man sign a waiver of confidentiality since no information should be given to the court in this situation under any circumstances d) it is necessary to have the man sign a waiver of confidentiality before releasing any information to the court
d) it is necessary to have the man sign a waiver of confidentiality before releasing any information to the court
So, the drunk's right to what has been waived here exactly?
In his study of moral development, Kohlberg presented research participants with stories that posed a conflict between two moral dilemmas. In the most famous of these stories, the "________ dilemma," participants were presented with a choice between the value of obeying the law and the value of human life.
Heinz
Mmm. Ketchup.
The World Health Organization's International Pilot Study of Schizophrenia (IPSS) and Determinants of Outcome Study have compared patients with Schizophrenia from non-Western developing countries to those from Western industrialized countries. This research has found that patients from developing and industrialized countries tend to differ in terms of:

a) age and gender ratios b) course and outcomes
c) symptom profiles
d) gender and prognosis
b) course and outcomes
So how is Schizophrenia diagnosed in other countries?
A psychologist working for the criminal justice system is asked to evaluate a young man accused of committing a felony. She is told by an attorney who has attempted to interview the man that he has difficulty attending to general directives and that his perceptions of time, place, and people appear to be confused. The psychologist will be required to testify in court regarding her assessment of the young man. In terms of confidentiality, the psychologist is:

a) legally bound to maintain confidentiality unless she obtains a written release from the young man’s attorney b) legally bound to maintain confidentiality unless she obtains a written release from the young man
c) not legally bound to maintain confidentiality but ethically required to inform the young man of the limits of confidentiality
d) not legally bound to maintain confidentiality or ethically required to discuss the limits of confidentiality due to the nature of the case
c) not legally bound to maintain confidentiality but ethically required to inform the young man of the limits of confidentiality
So, an angry judge on one hand, or ethical violations of confidentiality on the other... hmmm what to do.
A researcher would use stepwise multiple regression when she wants to:

a) identify the fewest number of predictors needed to account for criterion variability
b) identify the fewest number of criteria needed to accurately predict performance
c) statistically remove the effects of one or more moderator variables
d) identify the optimal number of criterion groups
b) identify the fewest number of criteria needed to accurately predict performance
Read the questions and answers carefully. What is multiple regression for, anyways?
A "culture-fair" predictor would most likely be considered fair if:

a) members of the non-mainstream group consistently score lower on the predictor and lower on the criterion than members of the mainstream group
b) members of the non-mainstream group consistently score lower on the predictor but higher on the criterion than members of the mainstream group
c) members of the non-mainstream group consistently score higher on the predictor and lower on the criterion than members of the mainstream group
d) members of the non-mainstream group consistently score lower on the predictor but the same on the criterion as the criterion group
a) members of the non-mainstream group consistently score lower on the predictor and lower on the criterion than members of the mainstream group
What is correct discrimination?
Dr. Passe is hired by a company to evaluate an employee for promotion into a high-level position. The company manager tells Dr. Passe that the employee was evaluated six years ago prior to his last promotion, and the company wants Dr. Passe to make a recommendation based on those results without an additional evaluation. Dr. Passe should:

a) comply with the manager's request since it is his company
b) comply with the manager's request but warn him of any potential limitations of her recommendation
c) comply with the manager's request only if the employee agrees to the conditions d) discuss with the manager the possibility that the data are obsolete and that new data should be collected
d) discuss with the manager the possibility that the data are obsolete and that new data should be collected
Are you ethically allowed to professionally prognosticate based on piss poor data?
A new job selection test with a validity coefficient of .30 will most likely improve decision-making accuracy when:

a) the job applicant pool is very large
b) the job applicant pool is very small
c) the number of successful employees hired without the new test is very large
d) the number of successful employees hired without the new test is very small
a) the job applicant pool is very large
We're talking about incremental validity, selection ratios and base rates here right?
Studies investigating the relationship between maternal socialization practices and children's internalization of conscience have found that:

a) maternal gentle discipline is predictive of internalization regardless of a child's temperament
b) maternal gentle discipline is predictive of internalization only for children who have a secure attachment
c) maternal gentle discipline is predictive of internalization for children who are fearful and anxious prone
d) maternal gentle discipline is predictive of internalization for children who are relatively fearless and non-anxious
c) maternal gentle discipline is predictive of internalization for children who are fearful and anxious prone
Read the question you boob.
Caplan (1970) distinguished between four types of mental health consultation. Which of the following is an example of the type he labeled "consultee-centered case consultation":

a) a consultant is hired by a colleague to resolve a diagnostic dilemma she is having with a client
b) a consultant is hired by a school to develop a program for identifying potential "problem students"
c) a consultant monitors a support group for administrators to help them develop better interpersonal skills
d) a consultant helps a teacher acquire the behavior modification skills she needs to reduce disruptions in her classroom
d) a consultant helps a teacher acquire the behavior modification skills she needs to reduce disruptions in her classroom
As its name implies, "consultee-centered case consultation" targets the consultee.
In the context of the serial position effect, the "primacy effect":

a) is due to transfer of information from short- to long-term memory
b) is due to interference that prohibits transfer from short- to long-term memory
c) is due to the repetition of information so that it is maintained in short-term memory
d) is due to distractions that make it difficult to retrieve information from long-term memory
a) is due to transfer of information from short- to long-term memory
Why is the primacy effect better than the recency effect, anyways?
In the most recent version of the Stanford-Binet, abstract-visual reasoning is measured by four subtests and is considered a measure of:

a) crystallized abilities
b) fluid / analytic intelligence
c) perceptual functioning
d) spatial ability
b) fluid / analytic intelligence
Don't be fooled by the distractors.
During the past few sessions, a 23-year old client has become increasingly depressed and suicidal. During the current session, he tells you that he's not happy with the progress of therapy and that he's not coming back. Your best course of action would be to:

a) seek involuntary commitment of the client immediately
b) encourage him to continue therapy and attempt to have him sign a "no-suicide contract"
c) call his parents immediately to discuss the situation with them
d) recognize that he has a right to terminate therapy if that is what he wants to do
b) encourage him to continue therapy and attempt to have him sign a "no-suicide contract"
So what can you *logically* do before hospitalizing a client?
"Dummy coding" is used:

a) so that a data set with missing values can be retained in a multivariate analysis b) when certain scores on the predictor were not actually obtained by anyone in the sample
c) to maximize the degree of association between a predictor and criterion in a regression or multiple regression analysis
d) so that categorical variables can be included in a multiple regression equation
d) so that categorical variables can be included in a multiple regression equation
What is dummy coding, you dummy?