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16 Cards in this Set

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A medication ending in "one" such as prednesone is probably a (blank).
steriod medication
A medication ending in "lol" is probably a (blank).
beta blocker
Drugs that end in "pril" are probably (blank).
ACE inhibitors: benazepril (Lotensin),
captopril (Capoten),
enalapril (Vasotec),
fosinopril (Monopril),
lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)
moexipril (Univasc), and
perindopril(Aceon),
quinapril (Accupril),
ramipril (Altace),
trandolapril (Mavik).
How do ACE inhibitors work?
Angiotensin II is a very potent chemical that causes the muscles surrounding blood vessels to contract, thereby narrowing the vessels. The narrowing of the vessels increases the pressure within the vessels causing high blood pressure (hypertension). Angiotensin II is formed from angiotensin I in the blood by the enzyme angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE). ACE inhibitors are medications that slow (inhibit) the activity of the enzyme ACE, which decreases the production of angiotensin II. As a result, the blood vessels enlarge or dilate, and blood pressure is reduced. This lower blood pressure makes it easier for the heart to pump blood and can improve the function of a failing heart. In addition, the progression of kidney disease due to high blood pressure or diabetes is slowed.
What are CCB's (calcium channel blockers) for?
Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are a class of drugs that dilate the arteries, and are used for treating high blood pressure, abnormally rapid heart rhythms, pulmonary hypertension, Raynaud's syndrome, cardiomyopathy, and subarachnoid hemorrhage, and prevention of migraine headaches and angina.
Drugs that end in "pine" such as nisoldipine (Sular), nifedipine (Adalat, Procardia), nicardipine (Cardene), isradipine (Dynacirc), nimodipine (Nimotop), felodipine (Plendil), amlodipine (Norvasc) and diltiazem (Cardizem), and verapamil (Calan, Isoptin) are what type of drug?
calcium channel blockers
What type of drug is Seroquel?
Quetiapine fumarate (pronounced /kwɨˈtaɪ.əpiːn/ kwi-TYE-ə-peen), marketed by AstraZeneca as Seroquel or SeroquelXR and by Orion Pharma as Ketipinor, is an atypical antipsychotic used in the management of schizophrenia, bipolar I mania, bipolar II depression, bipolar I depression, and used off-label for a variety of other purposes, including insomnia and anxiety disorders.
What type of drug is Norvasc?
CCB (calcium channel blocker)
Generic Name: amlodipine
Amlodipine (Norvasc)
diltiazem (Cardizem), verapamil (Calan, Isoptin) are all what class of drug?
Calcium Channel Blocker.

Note: most CCB's end in "pine" like Amlodipine.
What is Digoxin used for?
Digoxin is widely used in the treatment of various heart conditions, namely atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter and sometimes heart failure that cannot be controlled by other medication. Digoxin preparations are commonly marketed under the trade names Lanoxin, Digitek, and Lanoxicaps
What is Synthroid (levothyroxine) prescribed for?
hypothyroidism
What is Protonix (pantoprazole) prescribed to treat?
Protonix (pantoprazole) is used to treat erosive esophagitis and other conditions involving excess stomach acid.
The following drugs are what class: Adapin (doxepin)
Anafranil (clomipramine)
Elavil (amitriptyline)
Endep (amitriptyline)
Ludiomil (maprotiline)
Norpramin (desipramine)
Pamelor (nortryptyline)
Pertofrane (desipramine)
Sinequan (doxepin)
Surmontil (trimipramine)
Tofranil (imipramine)
Vivactil (protriptyline)
Tricyclic Antidepressants
Calcium channel blockers and Tricyclic Antidepressants both often end in "ine". A notable difference between the two names is that (blanks) such as amlodipine end mostly in "pine" and (blanks) such as amitriptyline and clomipramine end in "line" or "mine".
Calcium Channel Blockers-"pine"

tricyclic antidepressants-"line" or "mine".
Side effects of TCA's (tricyclic antidepressants) include:
Dry mouth, dry nose, blurry vision, lowered gastrointestinal motility or constipation, urinary retention, cognitive and/or memory impairment, and increased body temperature. drowsiness, anxiety, emotional blunting (apathy/anhedonia), confusion, restlessness, dizziness, akathisia, hypersensitivity, changes in appetite and weight, sweating, sexual dysfunction, muscle twitches, weakness, nausea and vomiting, hypotension, tachycardia, and rarely, irregular heart rhythms. Rhabdomyolysis or muscle breakdown has been rarely reported with this class of drugs as well.
Elavil is a drug often seen in N.R. testing. Elavil's drug class is (blank).
Tricyclic antidepressant