Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/17

Click to flip

17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Fifth Amendment
Right to an attorney
the authority to make decisions by using one's own judgement and conscience which provides the basis for individualization and informality in the administration of justice.
Discretion
A primary goal of criminal justice that provides the basis for distinguishing the American system from those of authoritarian countries.
doing justice
An adjudication process presided over by a judge that handles most criminal cases in which there is no successful plea bargain.
bench trial
A document charging an individual with a specific crime prepared by a prosecuting attorney and presented to a court at a preliminary hearing.
information
A characteristic of the criminal justice system that leads criminal justice officials to be responsive to elected officials and legislative bodies.
resource dependence
Consists of separate judicial structures for states and for the national government.
dual court system
Intended to permit the release of defendants pending the processing of their cases if they do not pose a threat to the community.
bail
The physical taking of a person into custody on the ground that there is probable cause to believe that he or she has committed a crime.
arrest
A primary goal of criminal justice that involves apprehending, prosecuting, and punishing those who violate the law.
controlling crime
Stage in which formal charges are read and defendant enters a plea.
arraignment
Stage in which defendants are photographed and fingerprinted.
booking
Developed the crime control and due process models as the means to provide new insights into the nature of the criminal justice system.
Herbert Packer
Depicts cases within justice system as having specific characteristics that lead to various categories of cases to be processed in different ways.
"wedding cake"
Mutual transfer of resources or information that underlies the motivation and decisions of actors within the criminal justice system.
exchange
A document returned by a grand jury as a "true bill" charging an individual with a crime.
indictment
Depicts the criminal justice system as one that emphasizes efficient repression of crime through the exercise of discretion in administrative processing of cases.
crime control model