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33 Cards in this Set

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11th Amendment
1795: Removed cases in which a state was sued without its consent jurisdiction of the federal courts
12th Amendment
1804: Required presidential electors to vote separately for president and vice president
13th Amendment
1865: Officially ended slavery
14th Amendment
1868: Protect rights of African Americans.
~Grants full citizenship to ALL African Americans.
15th Amendment
~Granted right to vote to African American.
~No person can be denied right to vote based upon race, or color.
16th Amendment
Empowered Congress to levy an income tax
17th Amendment
1918: Provided for the election of U.S. senators by direct popular vote instead of by the state legislatures
18th Amendment
Prohibited Alcohol consumption, selling, etc. in the U.S.
19th Amendment
Women Suffrage
20th Amendment
1933: Shortened the time between a presidential election and inauguration.
January 20 "Inauguration Day"; January 3 = opening of new Congress
21st Amendment
Repealed 18th Amendment
22nd Amendment
1951: Limited presidents to two full terms in office
23rd Amendment
1961: DC citizens gained right to vote for President
24th Amendment
1964: Eliminated poll tax
25th Amendment
1967: Provided for succession to the office of president in the even ot death or incapacity and for filling vacancies in the vice president office
26th Amendment
Changed voting age for 21 to 18
27th Amendment
Stated that Congressional pay raises will not take effect until after the next election
Civil War Amendments
13th, 14th, 15th
Jim Crow Laws
Laws, mainly in the south, that encouraged segregation of blacks and whites
Poll tax
Blacks were made to pay a higher tax to vote than whites
Grandfather clause
Basically said "If your grandfather couldn't vote before 1865, neither can you"
Literacy Test
Gave tests to see if you were "literate" enough to be voting. Harder tests were given to blacks than to whites
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Separate facilities are legal as long as they're equal ("Separate but equal")
Brown vs. Board of Education
1954, Topeka, Kansas. Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional for schools to be segregated. Turning point in Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Prohibited discrimination because of race, religion, national origin, or gender--Gave all citizens the right to enter public facilities
Voting Rights Act 1965
Increased voting rights and put an end to the black codes that had existed since Reconstruction
Prohibition
A law, order, or decree that forbids something
Suffrage
The right to vote
Segregation
The social separation of races
Discrimination
Unfair treatment based on prejudice against a certain group
Affirmitive Action
Programs intended to make up for past discrimination by helping minority groups and women gain access to jobs and opportunities
Racial profiling
Singling out an individual as a suspect due to appearance of ethnicity
NAACP
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; a group that works to promote African-American equality and rights